This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the First week of November. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.
The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.
The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.
Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .
Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.
1780, Wednesday November 1, The Morning Herald newspaper was founded. It ceased publication in 1869.
1793, Friday November 1, Death the Protestant agitator Lord George Gordon.
1848, Wednesday November 1, The first W H Smith railway bookstall opened at Euston Station.
1911, Wednesday November 1, Woman's Weekly was first published.
1959, Sunday November 1, The first stretch of the M1 motorway linking London with the North of England was opened.
1529, Tuesday November 2, Henry VIII envious of York Place the London palace of the Archbishop of York Cardinal Wolsey engineered its transfer to the crown. He transformed it into the Whitehall Palace which was to be home to the English monarch's for the next 150 years.
1600, Monday November 2, Death of the English theologian Richard Hooker.
1785, Wednesday November 2, The first insubmersible lifeboat was patented by London coach builder Lionel Lakin.
1871, Thursday November 2, The 'Rogues Gallery' was started when photographs of all prisoners in British jails were first taken.
1903, Monday November 2, The Daily Mirror was launched by Harmsworth. It was the first daily newspaper illustrated exclusively with photographs.
1909, Tuesday November 2, Death of the British painter William Powell Frith.
1917, Friday November 2, The Balfour Declaration stating British support for the Jewish Zionist goal of a homeland in Palestine was sent to Lord Rothschild.
1924, Sunday November 2, The first crossword in a British newspaper appeared in the Sunday Express.
1960, Wednesday November 2, A jury acquitted Penguin Books of obscenity in the matter of publishing D H Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover.
1978, Thursday November 2, The Daily Star newspaper was launched.
1740, Monday November 3, An infirmary opened in Featherstone Street near the Bunhill Fields burial ground. It was established to treat the sick poor in London's East end. It opened with one shilling ( 5.67 in modern money) in its bank account and later developed into the London Hospital.
1824, Wednesday November 3, The church of St John on Waterloo Road, designed by Francis Bedford, was consecrated.
1962, Saturday November 3, Death of the English poet Ralph Hodgson.
1996, Sunday November 3, The death of MP Barry Porter narrowed to one seat the majority held by the Conservative Party under John Major.
1996, Sunday November 3, Ffyona Campbell who in 1994 had been named in the Guinness Book of Records as the first woman to walk around the world admitted that she had not actually accomplished the feat.
1605, Monday November 4, Guy Fawkes was arrested at the Houses of Parliament. He was not the ringleader of the Gunpowder Plot but he was one of the five original plotters. Fawkes was, however, chosen to light the fuse which would set off the explosion. He was then to escape to the continent. The gunpowder was not in a cellar but in a ground-floor storehouse with a vaulted ceiling, part of the mediaeval kitchens that lay beneath the Lord's chamber.
1650, Monday November 4, Birth of William III.
1740, Tuesday November 4, Birth of the clergyman and author Augustus Montague Toplady.
1859, Friday November 4, Death of the philanthropist and chocolate manufacturer Joseph Rowntree.
1871, Saturday November 4, Queen Victoria Street, linking the mansion house with the new Victoria Embankment was opened.
1891, Wednesday November 4, The first halftone newspaper picture was published in Daily Graphic. It was of George Lambert a Liberal parliamentary candidate.
1918, Monday November 4, Death of the English poet Wilfred Owen.
1605, Tuesday November 5, The discovery of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up the House of Lords during the state opening of Parliament by James I was made known. People immediately took to the streets to light bonfires, the origin of the modern Bonfire Night.
1759, Sunday November 5, At a meeting at the Foundling Hospital a group of artists proposed that an annual exhibition be held "in order to encourage Artists whose Abilities and Attainments may justly raise them to Distinction and that their several Abilitys may be brought to Public View." This was the beginning of the Royal Academy.
1872, Tuesday November 5, The Guildhall Library and Museum was opened in the gothic building designed by Horace Jones, the City Architect.
1887, Saturday November 5, Kilburn Park was opened to the Public.
1912, Tuesday November 5, The British Board of Film Censors was appointed.
1913, Wednesday November 5, Birth of the English actress Vivien Leigh.
1991, Tuesday November 5, Death of the publishing and newspaper proprietor Robert Maxwell.
1429, Sunday November 6, The coronation of Henry VI.
1429, Sunday November 6, The coronation of Henry VI took place at Westminster. The eight-year old was then immediately taken across the channel to be crowned as King of France.
1805, Wednesday November 6, London was illuminated to celebrate victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. However, news of the death of Nelson in the battle threw a pall over the celebrations.
1842, Sunday November 6, Death of the British satirist and editor William Hone.
1869, Saturday November 6, Queen Victoria opened both Holborn Viaduct and the new Blackfriars Bridge which replaced the 100-year old Mylne bridge.
1881, Sunday November 6, The third Princess's Theatre at 73 Oxford Street, designed by C J Phipps, was opened. The site is now occupied by the Woolworth's store.
1892, Monday November 6, Birth of the pioneer aviator John Alcock.
1901, Wednesday November 6, Death of the British illustrator Kate Greenaway.
1924, Thursday November 6, Tory leader Stanley Baldwin was elected prime minister.
1997, Thursday November 6, Death of the Latvian-born British philosopher and historian Isaiah Berlin.
1422, Saturday November 7, Henry V who had died in France in August was buried at Westminster Abbey. He was succeeded by his nine-month old son Henry VI.
1756, Sunday November 7, The preacher George Whitefield opened his tabernacle on the west side of Tottenham Court Road.
1765, Thursday November 7, In the early morning fire broke out in the house of a peruke maker at the corner of Cornhill and Leadenhall Street. It leapt across both streets and at one time all four corners of the crossing were on fire. Part of Merchant Taylor's Hall the interior of St Martin Outwich and 51 houses were destroyed.
1783, Friday November 7, The last hanging at Tyburn took place when John Austin a forger was executed. Subsequent public hangings were to take place outside Newgate Prison.
1841, Sunday November 7, Andrew Provan opened his Sunday school in Field Lane, part of the Saffron Hill slums. It catered for 45 boys and girls who were too dirty and poor to be admitted into a conventional school. It was later taken up by the 7th earl of Shaftesbury and Angela Burdett-Coutts and went on to become one of the best known of the "ragged" schools.
1500, Sunday November 1, Birth of the Italian sculptor and goldsmith Benvenuto Cellini.
1755, Saturday November 1, An earthquake reduced two-thirds of Lisbon to rubble and resulted in the death of 60000 people.
1757, Tuesday November 1, Birth of the Italian sculptor Antonio Canova.
1887, Tuesday November 1, Birth of the English painter L S Lowry.
1914, Sunday November 1, The British ships Good Hope and Monmouth were sunk by the Germans at the Battle of Coronel.
1940, Friday November 1, A prehistoric painting was discovered in a cave in Lascaux in the Dordogne France.
1950, Wednesday November 1, Two Puerto Rican nationalists attempted to assassinate American President Truman.
1972, Wednesday November 1, Orissa India was struck by a tidal wave which killed 10000 people and left 5 million homeless.
1993, Monday November 1, The Maastricht Treaty (the Treaty on European Union) came into force.
1755, Sunday November 2, Birth of Marie Antoinette queen of King Louis XVI of France.
1766, Thursday November 2, Birth of the Austrian field marshal Joseph Radetzky.
1887, Tuesday November 2, Death of the Swedish soprano Jenny Lind.
1906, Friday November 2, Birth of the Italian film director Luchino Visconti.
1913, Sunday November 2, Birth of the American film actor Burt Lancaster.
1920, Tuesday November 2, Warren G Harding a Republican was elected American president.
1930, Sunday November 2, Ras Tafari King of Ethiopia was crowned Emperor Haile Selassie ('Might of the Trinity').
1950, Thursday November 2, Death of the Irish dramatist George Bernard Shaw.
1976, Tuesday November 2, James Earl Carter was elected the 39th president of the USA.
361, Saturday November 3, Death of the Roman emperor of the East Constantius II.
1493, Sunday November 3, Christopher Columbus on his second voyage of discovery sighted Dominica in the West Indies.
1706, Sunday November 3, A violent earthquake occurred in the Abruzzi district of Italy killing some 15000 inhabitants.
1801, Tuesday November 3, Birth of the Italian composer Vincenzo Bellini.
1801, Tuesday November 3, Birth of the German guide-book publisher Karl Baedeker.
1942, Tuesday November 3, British troops led by Field Marshal Montgomery broke through Rommel's front line in Africa.
1954, Wednesday November 3, Death of the French painter Henri Matisse.
1957, Sunday November 3, The Russian dog Laika became the first in space aboard Sputnik 2.
1964, Tuesday November 3, President Lyndon Baines Johnson a Democrat had a sweeping victory over Republican Barry Goldwater in the American presidential elections.
1975, Thursday November 3, The North Sea pipeline the first to be built underwater was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
1992, Tuesday November 3, Democrat William Jefferson ('Bill') Clinton Governor of Arkansas won the American presidential election with 370 electoral college votes.
1993, Wednesday November 3, A mystery woman paid a record 5 million Swiss francs ( 2.2m) for an envelope with two stamps sent from Mauritius to a Bordeaux wine exporter in 1847.
1847, Thursday November 4, Death of the German composer Felix Mendelssohn.
1856, Tuesday November 4, Death of the French painter Paul Delaroche.
1862, Tuesday November 4, American inventor Richard Gatling patented the rapid-fire or machine gun.
1922, Saturday November 4, Howard Carter discovered the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamen.
1924, Tuesday November 4, Death of the French organist and composer Gabriel Faur .
1946, Monday November 4, UNESCO was established with headquarters in Paris.
1980, Tuesday November 4, Ronald Reagan was elected 40th American president.
1995, Saturday November 4, Itzhak Rabin prime minister of Israel was assassinated at a peace rally in Tel Aviv by Jewish law student Yigal Amir.
1854, Sunday November 5, The combined British and French armies defeated the Russians at the Battle of Inkerman during the Crimean War.
1872, Tuesday November 5, Ulysses Grant was re-elected American president.
1892, Saturday November 5, Birth of the Scottish scientist John Haldane.
1914, Thursday November 5, Cyprus was annexed by Britain on the outbreak of war with Turkey.
1919, Wednesday November 5, Rudolph Valentino the archetypal romantic screen lover married actress Jean Acker; the marriage lasted less than six hours.
1927, Saturday November 5, Britain's first automatic traffic lights began functioning in Wolverhampton.
1935, Tuesday November 5, Birth of the jockey Lester Piggott.
1968, Tuesday November 5, Richard Nixon was elected 37th American president.
1982, Friday November 5, Death of the French film actor and director Jacques Tati.
1989, Sunday November 5, Death of the pianist Vladimir Horowitz.
1632, Tuesday November 6, Death of the King of Sweden Gustavus II.
1771, Wednesday November 6, Birth of the Austrian inventor of lithography Alois Senefelder.
1814, Sunday November 6, Birth of the Belgian inventor of the saxophone Adolphe Sax.
1860, Tuesday November 6, Abraham Lincoln was elected 16th American president.
1869, Saturday November 6, Diamonds were discovered at Kimberley in Cape Province South Africa.
1893, Monday November 6, Death of the Russian composer Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
1932, Sunday November 6, In general elections held in Germany the Nazis emerged as the largest party.
1952, Thursday November 6, The USA exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok island in the Pacific.
1867, Thursday November 7, Birth of the Polish physicist Marie Curie.
1872, Thursday November 7, The Marie Celeste the ill-fated brigantine sailed from New York only to be found mysteriously abandoned near the Azores some time later.
1879, Friday November 7, Birth of the Russian Communist leader Leon Trotsky.
1913, Friday November 7, Birth of the French writer Albert Camus.
1916, Tuesday November 7, Democrat Woodrow Wilson was re-elected American president.
1917, Wednesday November 7, The Bolshevik Revolution led by Lenin overthrew Prime Minister Alexander Kerensky's government.
1926, Sunday November 7, Birth of the Australian coloratura soprano Joan Sutherland (La Stupenda.
1944, Tuesday November 7, Democrat Franklin D Roosevelt was re-elected American president for a fourth term.
1972, Tuesday November 7, Richard Nixon was re-elected American president.
1990, Wednesday November 7, Mary Robinson became the Irish Republic's first woman president.
1996, Thursday November 7, A team of British American and Australian scientists reported evidence that life on Earth originated some 350 million years earlier than previously believed.