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ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
Updated.




Certainly London fascinates... It lies beyond everything: Nature, with all her cruelty, comes nearer to us than do those crowds of men.

-- E M Forster 1910



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May Week 1
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 - 05:01 AM by Bill McCann

This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the First week of May. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.


Daily updates on Events during the First week


Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.

The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.

The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.

Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .

Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.

Second WeekThird WeekFinal Week

London and Londoners

1st
1416, Friday Sigismond, the Holy Roman Emperor visited London.
1517, Friday The Evil May Day riots by the London Apprentices took place.
1604, Tuesday Jonson's The Entertainment at Highgate was performed, at Sir William Cornwallis' home.
1617, Thursday The Apprentices riot in London.
1660, Tuesday Mr Pepys puts on his suit that was altered from the great skirts to little ones, envies the celebrations around the Maypoles of Deal and wishes he were in Hyde Park.
1707, Thursday The Union of England and Scotland was proclaimed.
1750, Tuesday Handel gives the first of his annual charity performances of Messiah at the Foundling Hospital.
1796, Sunday First issue of the newspaper Bell's Weekly Messenger appeared.
1823, Thursday The skeleton of a woolly mammoth was found in Trafalgar Square.
1851, Thursday Queen Victoria opened the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park.
1922, Monday In their first Budget, Bonar Law's Tory Government cut 1 shilling off income tax, fourpence off a pound of tea, and reduced post and telephone charges.
1926, Saturday The miners went on strike and precipitated the General Strike. Fleet Street closes down.
1933, Monday The House of Commons approved an Anglo-German trade pact.
1933, Monday A telephone link between London and India was established.
1961, Monday The law permitting betting shops came into force.
1975, Thursday The Wilson Government introduced a bill to nationalise the shipbuilding and aircraft industries.
1978, Monday A political storm erupted in London over remarks made by the British Defence Chief of Staff in Peking.
1980, Thursday Ian MacGregor was named as the new chairman of the British Steel Corporation.
1997, Thursday The Labour Party won a landslide victory in the general election ending 18 years of Conservative government.
2000, Monday Seven people, including three police officers, were hospitalised after fighting broke out at a May Day anti-capitalist rally in front of the Houses of Parliament.
2001, Tuesday Police contain about 1,400 protesters in the streets around Oxford Street for four hours. There were some scuffles and 20 arrests.

2nd
1536, Tuesday Anne Boleyn was sent to the Tower of London.
1551, Saturday Birth in London of the antiquarian and historian William Camden.
1611, Thursday The Authorized Version of the Bible (King James Version) was first published.
1794, Friday First peformance of Haydn's Symphony No 100 in G, (Military) in London.
1908, Saturday It was reported that Parliament had debated the wisdom of excluding the U.S. from the calculation of a two-power standard for military might.
1917, Wednesday King George V called for national restraint in bread consumption.
1937, Sunday Imperial Airways' Handley Page H.P.42 Heracles made the airline's 40,000th cross-Channel flight.
1964, Saturday Death of Nancy Astor, the first British woman MP to take her seat.
1965, Sunday Britain's Early Bird satellite began transmitting television programmes.
1967, Tuesday Harold Wilson announced that Britain would apply for membership of the EEC.
1982, SundayThe Mail on Sunday was launched. It was the first photocomposed national newspaper in Britain.
1990, Wednesday A bank messenger was mugged and the thief got away with bearer bonds worth 300 million.
1997, Friday John Major announced that he was stepping down as leader of the Conservative Party.

3rd
1606, Saturday The English superior of the Jesuit Order, Henry Garnet, was executed for conspiracy. He is said to have "equivocated" at his trial.
1660, Thursday Mr Pepys is present at the Council of War of the Commanders of the Fleet and which declared for the Restoration of Charles II. 1788, Saturday The Star and Evening Advertiser was launched - the first daily evening newspaper.
1794, Saturday First performance of Haydn's Clock Symphony at the Haymarket Theater.
1844, Friday Birth of the English impresario Richard D'Oyly Carte in London.
1949, Tuesday A ten-nation conference in London formed the Council of Europe.
1951, Thursday King On the steps of St Paul's George VI inaugurated the Festival of Britain and later opened the Royal Festival Hall on the South Bank.
1966, Tuesday The Times began printing news on the front page.
1981, Sunday The Sunday Express magazine was launched.
1998, Sunday The footballer Justin Fashanu commited suicide. He had recently denied allegations of sexual assault lodged by a 17-year-old boy in the U.S..
1999, Monday A 22-year-old computer engineer is arrested and charged with carrying out the recent series of nail bomb attacks on London's minority populations.

4th
1456, Tuesday There were a series of assaults on foreigners in London.
1483, Sunday The City authorities rode out to meet Edward V and escort him into London.
1535, Tuesday John Houghton, prior of Charterhouse, was executed for refusing to take the oath of supremacy.
1605, Saturday The will of the actor Augustine Phillips, member of the King's Men company, was probated.
1677, Friday Death of the English mathematician and Londoner Isaac Barrow.
1825, Wednesday Birth of the English naturalist and Londoner Thomas Huxley.
1830, Tuesday Birth of the English impresario, Londoner J. H. "Colonel" Mapleson.
1896, Monday The first issue of the Daily Mail was published by Harmsworth (later Lord Northcliffe).
1900, Friday Death of the English archaeologist Henry Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers.
1920, Tuesday First performance of Vaughan Williams' A London Symphony (No 2) at the Queens Hall, Langham Place, conducted by Albert Coates.
1926, Monday Rioting in London marks the first day of the general strike.
1949, Thursday Birth of the English novelist, Londoner Graham Swift.
1969, Sunday Death of the English writer Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell.
1979, Friday Margaret Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister of Great Britain.
1979, Friday Labour made widespread gains in local elections, and won control of the GLC.
1993, Tuesday Businessman Asil Nadir jumps a 3.5 million bail and fled to northern Cyprus.

5th
1586, Thursday Death of the English Administrator Sir Henry Sidney.
1618, Tuesday Fading influence of the Secretaries of state Thomas Lake and Robert Naunton.
1621, Saturday News of the impeachment of Sir Francis Bacon is broadcast.
1713, Tuesday The Peace of Utrecht, ending the War of the Spanish Succession, was proclaimed in London.
1713, Tuesday First performance of Handel's Alessandro at the King's Theatre, Haymarket.
1850, Sunday Reynold's Weekly Newspaper was launched. It became the Sunday Citizen in 1962 and ceased publication in 1967.
1903, Tuesday The Foreign Minister William Petty declared the Persian Gulf a part of British dominion in India.
1904, Thursday Britain declared open war on Tibet.
1952, Monday The Queen took up residence at Buckingham Palace.
1958, Monday London's bus service ground to a halt as 50,000 members of the Transport and General Workers Union went on strike.
1977, Thursday The Tories made gains in the local elections, winning control of the Greater London Council.
1980, Monday SAS commandos stormed the Iranian Embassy, freeing the 19 hostages held there.
6th
1541, Friday Henry VIII issued a proclamation requiring that a new (Latin) Bible must be in every church.
1631, Friday Death of the English antiquary Robert Cotton.
1660, Sunday Mr Pepys does his accounts, and finds that, all his debts paid and his preparations to sea paid for, he had 640 clear in his purse.
1729, Tuesday A ballad opera, The Wedding was produced at Lincoln's Inn Fields, with tunes by several composers including Handel.
1757, Friday Handel conducted is annual charity performance of Messiah at the Foundling Hospital.
1840, Wednesday The Penny Black and twopenny blue the first British postage stamps for general use were issued.
1848, Saturday Birth of the English organic chemist Henry Edward Armstrong.
1904, Friday Death of the English chemist Alexander William Williamson.
1910, Friday Death of Edward VII.
1910, Friday Accession of George V.
1913, Tuesday The women's suffrage bill was defeated in the House of Commons by 266-219 votes.
1914, Wednesday The House of Lords rejected the woman's suffrage bill.
1926, Thursday Strikers refused a government order to return to work before negotiations took place.
1935, Monday Britain celebrated George V's Silver Jubilee.
1936, Wednesday Imperial Airways and QANTAS upgrade their London-Brisbane run into a twice-weekly service.
1948, Thursday Premiere of the film Hamlet with a music score by William Walton at Odeon Theater, Leicester Square.
1960, Friday Princess Margaret married Antony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey.
1965, Thursday In the Commons the Wilson government a four-vote majority in the vote on steel nationalisation.
1982, Thursday Conservatives made large gains in the general election.
1990, Sunday Telephone area codes in London were changed to 071/081.
1993, Thursday Death in London of the British film actress Ann Todd.
1995, Saturday Three days of VE Day celebrations were inaugurated by the Queen Mother in Hyde Park.
1997, Tuesday The government granted greater autonomy to the Bank of England giving it the power to control interest rates for the first time in history.

7th
1603, Saturday James I arrived in London.
1606, Wenesday Thomas Middleton gave a lucky creditor The Viper and Her Brood in payment of a debt.
1650, Tuesday Mr Evelyn visits a famous buttery and is attacked by an armed mob on is way home.
1660, Monday Mr Pepys lost lost 5s. at ninepins in the afternoon and entertained with three bottles of Margate ale in his cabin, laughing and very merry, till almost one o'clock in the morning.
1663, Thursday The opening of the Theatre Royal Drury Lane by Thomas Killigrew.
1812, Thursday Birth, in Camberwell, of the English poet Robert Browning.
1821, Monday The Africa Company was dissolved because of heavy expenses incurred and Sierra Leone Gambia and Gold Coast were taken over by the British government to form British West Africa.
1847, Friday Birth of the British statesman Archibald Philip Primrose Lord Rosebery.
1881, Saturday Birth , in Hackney, of the English mathematician Ebenezer Cunningham.
1916, Sunday Following complaints about the record of the Royal Flying corps, the British government announced an inquiry into the running of it.
1928, Monday The voting age for women in Britain was reduced from 30 to 21.
1940, Tuesday Death of the English politician George Lansbury.
1954, Friday Labour party leader Aneurin Bevan was found guilty of dangerous driving after failing to stop following his collision with a bus.
1959, Thursday British Rail announced plans to close down 230 stations.
1964, Thursday Labour made big gains in the local elections.
1981, Thursday Labour makes gains in local elections, winning control of the Greater London Council.
1983, Saturday Death of the English mathematician Keith Stewartson.
1987, Thursday Ex-Guinness chairman Geoffrey Saunders was remanded on bail on a charge of attempting to pervert the course of justice.

Outside London

1st
1464, Tuesday Edward IV secretly married Elizabeth Woodville at St Alban's.
1493, Wednesday Birth of the German physician and alchemist Paracelsus [Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim].
1543, Tuesday Copernicus circulated The Little Commentary, demonsrating the heliocentricity of the Solar System.
1591, Saturday Birth of Fr. Adam Schall von Bell SJ, the German missionary and astronomer who became an important adviser to the first emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty.
1672, Wednesday Birth of the English essayist and politician Joseph Addison.
1683, Tuesday A patent was for the extraction of salt from sea water on the Tyne.
1700, Wednesday Death of the English poet John Dryden (Poet laureate 1668-89).
1761, Friday Haydn officially became the deputy music director for the Esterhazy family at Eisenstadt.
1769, Monday Birth, in Dublin, of the Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley.
1774, Sunday Death of the British anatomist and physiologist William Hewson.
1786, Monday Mozart's Le Nozze di Figaro premieres in Vienna.
1795, Friday Death of the French mathematician Gabriel Lam .
1824, Saturday Birth of the English organic chemist Alexander William Williamson.
1825, Sunday Birth of the Swiss Mathematician Johann Balmer.
1839, Wednesday Birth of Louis Chardonnet, the French chemist who developed rayon.
1860, Tuesday A U.S. patent for the shaving mug was granted to Thomas E. Hughes.
1869, Saturday The newspaper Western Mail was launched.
1872, Wednesday Birth of the Swedish composer and violinist Hugo Alfven.
1873, Thursday Death of the Scottish missionary David Livingstone.
1881, Sunday Birth of the French philosopher and palaeontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.
1884, Thursday Construction began in Chicago, Illinois, on the first skyscraper, the ten-story steel-skeleton Home Insurance Company of New York.
1902, Thursday Death of the English chemist John Glover.
1903, Friday Edward VII visited Paris in effort to improve Anglo-French relations.
1904, Sunday Death of the Czech composer Antonin Dvor k.
1904, Sunday Death of the German pioneer histologist Wilhelm His.
1906, Tuesday Troops in Paris made many arrests during a May Day protest.
1909, Saturday First performance of Rachmaninoff's Isle of the Dead, in Moscow.
1913, Thursday Birth of the Czech conductor Walter Susskind.
1914, Friday Death of the German petroleum chemist Herman Frasch.
1916, Monday Birth of the American film actor Glenn Ford.
1923, Tuesday Birth of the American novelist Joseph Heller.
1925, Friday Birth of the American astronaut Scott Carpenter.
1927, Sunday Adolf Hitler held his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931, Friday The Empire State Building New York was completed at a total cost of $41.
1937, Saturday Birth of the English actress Una Stubbs.
1938, Sunday Fascists are attacked after a Mosleyite meeting.
1939, Monday The Military Training (conscription) Bill was introduced in the House of Commons.
1945, Tuesday Suicide of Hitler's propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels.
1946, Wednesday Alan Numm May was jailed for ten years for passing nuclear secrets to the U.S.S.R.
1946, Wednesday Birth of the English actress Joanna Lumley.
1949, Sunday Death of the English chemist Frederic Stanley Kipping .
1949, Sunday Astronomer Gerard Kuiper discovered Nereid, the second satellite of Neptune, the outermost and the third largest of Neptune's known satellites.
1952, Thursday Death of the American film producer William Fox.
1952, Thursday Birth of the British opera and theatre director David Freeman.
1955, Sunday The Transport and General Workers Union general secretary Arthur Deakin collapsed and died while making a May Day speech in Leicester.
1964, Friday The first BASIC program was run on a computer at about 4:00 a.m.
1964, Friday Debut of the French conductor Pierre Boulez in New York City.
1968, Wednesday Death of the English diplomat Harold Nicolson.
1986, Thursday UK prison officers went on strike resulting in widespread disturbances by prisoners.
1991, Wednesday Death of the English biologist Charles Elton.
1994, Sunday Death of the Brazilian Grand Prix driver Ayrton Senna.

2nd
1251, Wednesday Simon de Montfort suppressed the Gascon rebellion.
1519, Monday Death of the Florentine artist and scientist Leonardo da Vinci.
1568, Sunday Mary, Queen of Scots, escaped imprisonment at Lochleven and fled to England.
1558, Monday Birth of the French mathematician Etienne Pascal.
1660, Wednesday Birth of the Italian composer Alessandro Scarlatti.
1729, Friday Birth of Catherine II 'the Great' of Russia.
1752, Saturday Birth of the German composer Ludwig August Lebrun.
1798, Wednesday First performance of Haydn's oratorio The Creation at the Schwarzenberg Palace, in Vienna.
1800, Friday English chemist William Nicholson was the first to achieve the electrolysis of water.
1800, Friday First performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 1, in Vienna.
1810, Wednesday Birth of the Danish conductor and composer Hans Christian Lumbye.
1843, Tuesday Birth of the Austrian conductor and composer Carl Michael Ziehrer.
1857, Saturday Death of Frederick Scott Archer the English inventor of the first practical photographic process by which more than one copy of a picture could be made.
1859, Monday Birth of the English novelist and playwright Jerome K Jerome.
1860, Wednesday Birth of the Scottish mathematician D'Arcy Thompson.
1860, Wednesday Birth of the English physiologist Sir William Maddock Bayliss.
1864, Monday Death of the German composer Giacomo Meyerbeer.
1885, Saturday First performance of Bruckner's Te Deum in Vienna.
1887, Monday Birth of the German bass-baritone Michael Bohnen.
1892, Monday Death of the German chemist August Wilhelm von Hofmann.
1901, Thursday The International Exhibition opened at Glasgow.
1902, Friday Birth of the Polish mathematician Kazimierz Zarankiewicz.
1903, Saturday Birth of the Norwegian composer and conductor Oivin Fjelstad.
1904, Monday Birth of the American vocalist Bing Crosby.
1905, Tuesday Birth of the English composer Alan Rawsthorne.
1905, Tuesday Birth of the Austrian-conductor and opera director Kurt Herbert Adler.
1916, Tuesday Birth of the English actress Peggy Mount.
1926, Sunday Birth of the British trade-union leader Clive Jenkins.
1928, Wednesday Birth of the British soprano April Cantelo.
1932, Monday Birth of the British composer Malcolm Lipkin.
1936, Saturday First performance of Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf at a children's concert by the Moscow Philharmonic.
1936, Saturday Birth of the American violinist Michael Rabin.
1938, Monday The Commons ratified the Anglo-Italian pact as Chamberlain extolled Mussolini.
1940, Thursday Birth of the English bass Robert Lloyd.
1943, Sunday Birth of the British ballerina Elaine McDonald.
1946, Thursday Birth of the British actor David Suchet.
1947, Friday Birth of the Belgian conductor Phillippe Herreweghe.
1948, Sunday Birth of the American soprano Janine Altmeyer.
1948, Sunday Death of Wilhelm von Opel, the German motorcar pioneer.
1953, Saturday Birth of the Russian conductor Valery Gergiev.
1955, Monday American debut of the German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau.
1957, Thursday Death of the American politician Joseph McCarthy.
1969, Friday The passenger liner Queen Elizabeth II set off from Southampton on its first voyage.
1976, Sunday A Pan Am airliner completed the world's longest nonstop commercial flight, covering 8,088 miles in 13.5 hours.
1979, Wednesday Death of the Italian chemist Giulio Natta.
1982, Sunday The British submarine HMS Conqueror sank Argentine cruiser General Belgrano.
1982, Sunday Death of the Austro-Hungarian mathematician Salomon Bochner.
1984, Wednesday The Queen opened the Liverpool Garden Festival.
1986, Friday Radiation released from the Chernobyl accident reached Britain.
1995, Tuesday Death of the English actor Michael Horden.
1999, Sunday Death of the English actor Oliver Reed.

3rd
1381, Friday The weavers of Ghent led by Philip van Artevelde took Bruges and gave the lead for other Flemish towns to revolt.
1469, Wednesday Birth of the Italian politician Niccol Machiavelli.
1493, Friday Pope Alexander VI published the first Papal Bull Inter cetera which dived the New World between Spain and Portugal.
1497, Wednesday The Cornish rebellion began as James Tutchet, Lord Audley, led an army of 15,000 from Taunton through the southern counties to attack London.
1617, Saturday Birth of the English antiquary Elias Ashmole.
1679, Saturday Archbishop James Sharp was murdered by Scottish Covenanters on Magus Muir.
1695, Friday Birth of the French hydraulic engineer Henri Pitot.
1703, Monday Death of the Dutch painter Eglon van der Neer.
1747, Sunday The Battle of Cape Finisterre took place at which the British defeated the French.
1808, Sunday A duel was fought from two hot-air balloons over Paris, the first of its kind.
1820, Wednesday Birth of the French violinist Jules Armingaud.
1831, Tuesday Herold's Opera Zampa premieres in Paris.
1841, Monday New Zealand was declared a British colony.
1842, Tuesday Birth of the Austrian mathematician Otto Stolz.
1845, Saturday Death of the English poet Thomas Hood.
1849, Thursday Birth of the Danish journalist and reformer Jacob Riis.
1856, Saturday Birth of the American tenor Max Alvary.
1860, Thursday Birth of the Scottish physiologist John Scott Haldane.
1860, Thursday Birth of the Italian mathematician Otto Stolz.
1873, Saturday Birth of the Russian composer Nicolai Tcherepnin.
1885, Friday Birth of the Polish mathematician Ferdinand Minding.
1886, Saturday Birth of the French composer and organist Marcel Dupre'.
1888, Thursday Death of Sir Charles Tilston Bright, the British engineer who superintended the laying of the first Atlantic telegraph cable.
1892, Tuesday Birth of the English physicist Sir George Paget Thomson (Nobel 1937).
1902, Saturday Birth of the French physicist Alfred Kastler (Nobel 1966).
1910, Tuesday Birth of the Italian conductor Alceo Galliera.
1918, Friday Birth of the Canadian tenor Leopold Simoneau.
1923, Thursday First performance of Ravel's orchestration of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition at a Koussevitzky concert in Paris.
1923, Thursday Birth of the English cartoonist Norman Thelwell.
1925, Sunday Death of Clement Ader, the French aircraft pioneer whose Avion machine gave the French their word for airplane.
1931, Sunday In Naples, the blood of Saint Janarius liquified for the first time since 1792. The 'miracle' provoked impromptu celebrations.
1933, Wednesday Birth of the American nuclear physicist Steven Weinberg (Nobel 1979).
1934, Thursday Birth of the English boxer Henry Cooper.
1939, Wednesday Birth of the English cellist Jonathan Harvey.
1948, Monday Mr Rajagopalachari was appointed the Governor-General of India, replacing the Earl of Mountbatten the last Viceroy.
1948, Monday The British Mandate for Palestine ended at midnight.
1950, Wednesday The new 36,800-ton HMS Ark Royal was launched at Birkenhead.
1956, Wednesday Granada television made its first broadcast.
1967, Wdnesday Debut of the American soprano Evelyn Lear at song recital in New York.
1979, Thursday Voting took place in the General election that was to defeat the Callaghan government after the <Winter of Discontent.
1987, Sunday A 'Hands across Britain' demonstration was held against unemployment.
1988, Tuesday Death of the Russian mathematician Lev Semenovich Pontryagin.
4th
1471, Friday At the Battle of Tewkesbury, during the Wars of the Roses,the Yorkists defeated the Lancastrians. Prince Edward was slain, Margaret was captured and later ransomed to France.
1561, Sunday Death of the Belgian mathematician Adriaan van Roomen.
1611, Saturday Birth of the Italian architect Carlo Rainaldi.
1655, Friday Birth of the Italian harpsichord maker Bartolommeo Cristofori.
1733, Friday Birth of the French mathematician Jean Borda.
1744, Friday Birth of the Austrian pianist Marianne Martinez.
1768, Wednesday Death of the French mathematician Charles-Etienne Camus.
1777, Sunday Birth of the French chemist Louis-Jacques Thenard.
1780 Thursday The first Derby was run at Epsom. (The winning horse was Diomed).
1827, Friday Birth of John Speke, the English explorer who discovered the source of the Nile.
1845, Sunday Birth of the English mathematician William Clifford.
1859, Wednesday Death of the French mathematician Joseph Gergonne.
1860, Friday Birth of the Austrian composer Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek.
1879, Sunday Death of the English engineer and mathematician William Froude.
1882, Thursday Birth of the English suffragette Sylvia Pankhurst.
1883, Friday Birth of the Russian conductor Nikolai Malko.
1886, Tuesday The gramophone, the first practical phonograph, was patented.
1888, Friday Premiere of Faure's Requiem.
1892, Wednesday Accidental discovery of a process for the commercial production of acetylene.
1905, Thursday Birth of the Hungarian cellist Matyas Gyorgy Seiber.
1910, Wednesday In London, the American Commander Peary, discoverer of the North Pole, was greeted by a crowd of 30,000.
1911, Thursday The First British airship was wrecked at Aldershot.
1923, Friday Birth of the English comedian Eric Sykes.
1924, Sunday Birth of the Russian pianist Tatiana Nikolayeva.
1924, Sunday Death of the British novelist Edith Nesbit.
1926, Tuesday The General Strike took effect. Almost half of Britain's 6,000,000 trade-union members stopped working.
1928, Friday Birth of the Irish poet Thomas Kinsella.
1929, Saturday Birth of the Belgian film actress Audrey Hepburn [Edda Hepburn van Heemstra].
1930, Sunday Birth of the American soprano Roberta Peters [Peterman].
1931, Monday Birth of the Russian conductor Gennadi Rozhdestvensky.
1936, Monday Death of the English mathematician Alfred Dixon.
1937, Tuesday Birth of the Spanish-English harpist Marisa Robles.
1942, Monday Birth of the Mexican conductor Enrique Batiz.
1952, Sunday Birth of the English television entertainer Michael Barrymore.
1955, Wednesday Death of the Romanian composer Georges Enesco.
1961, Thursday Death of the English mathematician Herbert Turnbull.
1965, Tuesday Common Market finance ministers endorsed Britain's application to the IMF for a 500 million loan.
1972, Thursday Death of the American chemist Edward Calvin Kendall (Nobel 1950).
1973, Friday The world's tallest building Sears Tower Chicago was completed.
1974, Saturday Death of the American geophysicist Maurice Ewing.
1982, Tuesday Argentine missiles sank the British destroyer HMS Sheffield, 20 lives were lost.
1984, Friday Death of the English actress Diana Dors.
1995, Thursday The Conservatives are routed in local elections, taking control of only eight of the 346 councils at stake.

5th
1061, Saturday Birth of Godfrey of Bouillon, Norman crusader and first king of Jerusalem.
1512, Wednesday Birth of the German cartographer Gerardus Mercator [Gerhard Kremer].
1580, Thursday Birth of the German mathematician Johann Faulhaber.
1646, Tuesday Charles I surrenders to Covenanters outside Newark, Scotland.
1765, Sunday Death of the English poet Edward Young.
1803, Thursday Birth of the English author George Borrow.
1805, Sunday Death of the German mathematician Lejeune Dirichlet.
1811, Sunday Birth of the English chemist John William Draper.
1813, Wednesday Birth of the Danish philosopher S ren Kierkegaard.
1818, Tuesday Birth of the German philosopher Karl Marx.
1819, Wednesday Birth of the Polish composer Stanislaw Moniuszko.
1821, Friday The Manchester Guardian was founded by John Edward Taylor.
1821, Friday Death of Napoleon Bonaparte.
1833, Sunday Birth of the German mathematician Lazarus Fuchs.
1833, Sunday Birth of the German geographer Ferdinand Paul Wilhelm Richthofen.
1842, Thursday Birth of the German mathematician Heinrich Weber.
1860, Saturday Birth of the Italian composer Pietro Florida.
1861, Sunday Birth of the American electrical engineer who invented the mercury-vapour lamp Peter Cooper Hewitt.
1869, Wednesday Birth of the German composer and conductor Hans Pfitzner.
1871, Friday Birth of the Italian composer and music writer Alberto Cametti.
1883, Saturday Birth of the British soldier Archibald Lord Wavell.
1891 Tuesday Opening of Carnegie Hall in NYC, with Tchaikovsky as guest conductor.
1895, Sunday Birth of the Polish mathematician Stefan Bergman.
1893, Friday Birth of the Russian composer Ivan Vyshnegradsky.
1897, Wednesday Death of the British explorer James Theodore Bent.
1897, Wednesday Birth of the Italian mathematician Francesco Tricomi.
1900, Saturday Birth of the German conductor Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt.
1910, Thursday Birth of the Italian contralto Giulietta Simionato.
1914, Tuesday Birth of the American actor Tyrone Power.
1917, Saturday Last public performance as a pianist of Claude Debussy.
1921, Thursday Death of the English photographer and inventor, who built the first motion picture camera William Friese-Greene.
1921, Thursday Birth of the American physicist Arthur L. Schawlow (Nobel 1981).
1927, Thursday Birth of the American pianist Charles Rosen.
1932, Thursday Birth of the Russian conductor Mark Ermler.
1936, Tuesday A U.S. patent was issued for the first bottle with a screw cap and a pour lip.
1943, Wednesday Birth of the English comic actor Michael Palin.
1944, Friday Birth of the British actor Roger Rees.
1957, Sunday Birth, in Swaziland, of the British actor Richard E. Grant.
1957, Sunday Death of the German mathematician Leopold L wenheim.
1961, Friday America's first astronaut, Alan Shepherd, went into space for a short sub-orbital flight.
1967, Friday Ariel 3, the first all-British satellite, was launched in the U.S.
1995, Friday Death of the British industrialist Sir Alastair Pilkington.
1998, Tuesday Death of the British big band leader Syd Lawrence.

6th
1540, Thursday Death of the Italian historian Francesco Guicciardini.
1635, Wednesday Birth of the German chemist Johann Joachim Becher.
1637, Saturday L'Andromeda by Manelli and Ferrari opened the Teatro San Cassiano, the first Opera House in Venice.
1754, Monday Birth of Thomas William Coke Earl of Leicester.
1769, Saturday Birth of the French mathematician Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette.
1814, Friday Birth of the Moravian violinist and composer Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst.
1851, Tuesday A U.S. patent was issued to John Gorrie for his invention of an "Ice-making machine" the first patent for a mechanical refrigerator.
1851, Tuesday A U.S. patent was issued to Linus Yale for his invention of a "clock" lock.
1856, Tuesday Death of the Scottish mathematician William Hamilton.
1856, Tuesday Birth of the Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
1859, Friday Death of the German natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt.
1870, Friday Death of the Scottish inventor and obstetrician Sir James Young Simpson.
1871, Saturday Birth of the French chemist Victor Grignard (Nobel 1912).
1872, Monday Birth of the Dutch mathematician Willem De Sitter.
1882, Saturday The Irish chief secretary Lord Frederick Cavendish and under-secretary T H Burke were assassinated in Phoenix Park Dublin.
1895, Monday Birth of the Silent film actor Rudolph Valentino [Rodolfo Guglielmi].
1897, Thursday Leoncavallo's La Boheme premieres in Venice.
1898, Friday Birth of the Russian conductor Jascha Horenstein.
1906, Sunday Birth of the French mathematician Andr Weil.
1915, Thursday Birth of the American Actor Orson Wells.
1937, Thursday The German zeppelin Hindenburg caught fire in New Jersey killing 36 passengers.
1949, Friday Death of the Belgian playwright Maurice Maeterlinck.
1951, Sunday Death of the French mathematician Elie Cartan.
1953, Wednesday Birth of the British politician and Prime Minister Tony Blair.
1954, Thursday Roger Bannister was the first man to run a mile in under 4 minutes at the Iffley Road Sports Ground Oxford.
1962, Monday The first U.S. nuclear warhead fired from a Polaris submarine was launched.
1963, Tuesday Death of the Hungarian mathematician Theodore Von K rm n.
1983, Friday Death of the American mathematician Yudell Luke.
1992, Wednesday Death of the German singer and actress Marlene Dietrich.
1994, Friday The Channel Tunnel was inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II and President Fran ois Mitterrand.
1998, Wednesday New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani proclaimed May 6 as Dame Joan Sutherland Day in the City of New York.

7th
1617, Wednesday Death of the German astronomer David Fabricus.
1660, Monday Isaack Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patented macaroni.
1704, Sunday Birth of the German composer Carl Heinrich Graun.
1713, Thursday Birth of the French mathematician Alexis Clairaut.
1718, Tuesday Death of Mary of Modena the consort of James II.
1746, Wednesday Birth of the German violinist and composer Karl Stamitz.
1824, Friday First performance of Beethoven's Choral Symphony, No 9, in Vienna.
1825, Saturday Death of the Italian composer Antonio Salieri in Vienna.
1832, Monday Birth of the German mathematician Carl Neumann.
1833, Tuesday Birth of the German composer Johannes Brahms.
1840, Thursday Birth of the Russian composer Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky.
1850, Tuesday Birth of the Hungarian conductor Anton Seidl.
1854, Sunday Birth of the Italian mathematician Giuseppe Veronese.
1868, Thursday Death of the British statesman Henry Lord Brougham.
1879, Wednesday Birth of the English mathematician Philip Kelland.
1880, Friday Birth of the German mathematician Oskar Perron.
1888, Monday Lalo's opera Le Roi d'Ys premieres in Paris.
1890, Wednesday Death of the inventor of the steam hammer, Scottish engineer James Nasmyth.
1896, Thursday Birth of the Russian mathematician Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov.
1901, Tuesday Birth of the American film actor Gary Cooper.
1914, Thursday Birth of the Dutch mathematician Johannes De Groot.
1915, Friday A German U-boat sank the liner Lusitania with the loss of 1,198 lives.
1923, Monday Birth of the American film actress Anne Baxter.
1927, Saturday Birth of the Swedish soprano Elisabeth Soderstrom.
1934, Monday Death of the Swiss mathematician Karl Geiser.
1941, Wednesday Death of the Scottish anthropologist James Frazer.
1944, Sunday Birth of the American television actor Richard O'Sullivan.
1952, Wednesday The concept of the integrated circuit chip was first published, by Geoffrey Dummer, in Washington DC.
1954, Friday Death of the French astronomer Henri Mineur.
1992, Thursday The space shuttle Endeavour blasted off on its maiden voyage.
1998, Thursday Death of the South African physicist Allan MacLeod Cormack.

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