Welcome to London's History
_HOMEPAGE_TOPICS_DOWNLOADS
    create an account |
_USERACCOUNT_SUBMITNEWS_SHOWTOP  
Theme by www.UserWear.de


Discover the great, the strange, the seedy, the inspired, the criminal and the downright ordinary past of one of the World's Greatest Cities!

SITE MAP




· Home

Modules
· AvantGo
· Downloads
· FAQ
· Members List
· News
· Recommend Us
· Reviews
· Search
· Sections
· Stats
· Topics
· Top List
· Web Links



The Special Sections are only available to registered users. Login or register for free here.
ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
Updated.




"To where Fleet-ditch with disemboguing streams
Rolls the large tribute of dead dogs to Thames,
The King of Dykes ! Than whom no sluice of mud,
With deeper sable blots the silver flood.
'Here strip, my children ! Here at once leap in,
Here prove who best can dash through thick and thin,
And the most in love of dirt excel
Or dark dexterity of groping well."



-- Alexander Pope (Dunciad)




We have 92 guests and 0 members online

You are an anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here


Historical Anecdotes: F
Posted on Jun 09, 2002 - 10:28 AM by Anthony Waldstock

This is a series of articles that has grown out of the daily listings of what happened "On This Day". Many of the events, particularly those related to science, seemed to us to need some more information than is possible in the daily listing format. Still others had amusing or informative anecdotes associated with them that we felt were worth sharing with our Visitors. The series is designed for browsing and dipping into and we have therefore set up a comprehensive system of links to make this as easy and as enjoyable as possible.

This series of articles will present occasional anecdotal, amusing and factual notes behind the people and events in history digests. People are indexed according to their family or surnames whereas kings, popes, emperors etc. are listed according to their regnal names- e.g. Charles Boycott would be found under B, Pope Gregory under G and Queen Mary Tudor under M. Other items are indexed by the most significant word in the title, for example Artificial Ice will be found under I but Sad Iron will be found under S.
Within the series there are two sets of links. At the top of each page there will be a table of links to the other indexing letters to allow browsing by individual pages. That also appears on this page. At the bottom of each page you will also find a set of links which will allow you to scroll backward (Previous) and forward (next) through the pages. The pages are looped so the "Previous" link from A will be to Z and the "Next" link from Z will be to A. There will also be a central link back to the introduction page whose main content is an alphabetic list of the complete set of entries. From here, you will be able to browse the titles of the individual entries and jump directly to those that interest you.


Links to Entries by Index Letter
[A][B][C][D][E][F][G][H][I][J][K][L][M][N][O][P][Q][R][S][T][U][V][W][X][Y][Z]




Comtesse de La Fayette
Marie Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, Comtesse de La Fayette (1634-1693) was a French novelist and reformer of the French Romance genre. Her salons were frequented by Moliere, Boileau, and other important literary figures of the time and she played a leading part at the French Court right up to her death. When she was thirty-three she formed a liaison with the writer La Rochefoucauld who opposed Richelieu. This lasted until his death in 1680. Her novels are Zaide (1670) and the masterpiece La Princesse de Cleves(1678) which is a study of the conflict between love and marriage in the court-life of her time. Her precise style brought about a reaction against the long-windedness of the traditional Romance style of writing.

Fire Escapes
On April 8th 1766, the first patent for a fire escape was granted to the London watchmaker David Marie. His device consisted of a wicker basket on a pulley and with a strong chain to support the basket and its occupants. In 1879, also on the 8th of April, a fire escape ladder was patented by the American inventor, J R Winters in New York. Fire-proof safe
Fire-proof safe In 1833, the first U.S. patent for a fireproof safe was issued to Charles A. Gaylor of New York City, as a "fire-proof iron chest". He called his product the Salamander Safe. It was constructed from two chests, one within the other, with a space between to "inclose air of any non-conductor of heat". He derived this name from the salamander, a mythical animal supposed to have had the power to endure fire without harm.

Food Preservation
Nicolas Appert (1750-1841) was a French chef, confectioner, and distiller who invented the method of preserving food by enclosing it in hermetically sealed containers. Inspired by the French Directory's offer of a prize for a way to conserve food for transport, Appert began a 14-year period of experimentation in 1795. Using corked-glass containers reinforced with wire and sealing wax and kept in boiling water for varying lengths of time, he preserved soups, fruits, vegetables, juices, dairy products, marmalades, jellies, and syrups.

Joseph Fourier
Joseph Fourier displayed an early interest in mathematics but, in 1787, he decided to train for the priesthood and entered the Benedictine abbey of St Benoit-sur-Loire. His interest in mathematics continued, however, and he corresponded with C L Bonard, the professor of mathematics at Auxerre. Fourier was unsure if he was making the right decision in training for the priesthood, his letters to Bonard suggesting that he really wanted to make a major impact in mathematics. Deciding against the priesthood he left St Benoit in 1789, and read a paper on algebraic equations at the Acad mie Royale des Sciences in Paris. In 1793 he became involved in politics and joined the local Revolutionary Committee in Auxerre, where he held a teaching post. However, he was unhappy about the Terror which resulted from the French Revolution and he attempted to resign from the committee but found that this was impossible. In July 1794 he was arrested, imprisoned faced the guillotine. However, the political changes that followed the execution of Robespierre saw him released.
In January 1795 he resumed his mathematical studies at the newly instituted Ecole Normale in Paris. This institution had been set up for training teachers and it was intended to serve as a model for other teacher-training schools. He was appointed to a teaching post at the Ecole Centrale des Travaux Publiques but was again arrested on the earlier charges and again imprisoned. By September 1st 1795, following pleas by his pupils and some of France's most eminent mathematicians and yet another change in ten political climate, he was back at the school, now renamed the Ecole Polytechnique. In 1797 he was appointed to the chair of analysis and mechanics. He was renowned as an outstanding lecturer but he does not appear to have undertaken original research during this time and in 1798 he joined Napoleon's army as scientific adviser during the initially successful invasion of Egypt. However, on 1 August 1798 the French fleet was completely destroyed by Nelson in the Battle of the Nile, so that Napoleon found himself confined to the land that he was occupying. Fourier acted as an administrator as French type political institutions and administration was set up. In particular he helped establish educational facilities in Egypt and carried out archaeological explorations. While in Cairo Fourier helped found the Cairo Institute and was elected secretary to the Institute, a position he continued to hold during the entire French occupation of Egypt. Fourier was also put in charge of collating the scientific and literary discoveries made during the time in Egypt.
Napoleon abandoned his army and returned to Paris in 1799 where he soon managed to take absolute power in France. Fourier returned to France in 1801 with the remains of the expeditionary force and resumed his post as Professor of Analysis at the Ecole Polytechnique. However Napoleon appointed him Prefect of the Department of Isere and despatched the unhappy Fourier to Grenoble. His two greatest achievements in this administrative position was overseeing the operation to drain the swamps of Bourgoin and the construction of a new highway from Grenoble to Turin. He also spent much time working on the Description of Egypt which was not completed until 1810 when Napoleon insisted on changes in the text, rewriting history in places, before allowing publication. It was during his time in Grenoble that Fourier did his important mathematical work on the theory of heat. He began work on the topic began around 1804 and by 1807 he had completed his important memoir On the Propagation of Heat in Solid Bodies. The memoir was read to the Paris Institute on 21 December 1807 and a committee of eminent scientists was set up to report on the work. This memoir is now regarded as an important contribution to scientific thought but at the time it caused controversy. Finally, in 1811, the Paris Institute awarded the mathematics prize to Fourier for this work and his further on cooling of solids and terrestrial and radiant heat. The awarding committee was not entirely happy, mainly because they distrusted his expansions of functions as trigonometrical series. These are what we now call Fourier Series and are essential for complete description of many scientific processes.
Fourier's political adventures were far from over. When Napoleon was defeated and on his way to exile in Elba, his route should have been through Grenoble. Fourier managed to avoid this difficult confrontation by sending word that it would be dangerous for Napoleon to go there. When he learnt of Napoleon's escape from Elba and that he was marching towards Grenoble with an army, Fourier was extremely worried. He tried to persuade the people of Grenoble to oppose Napoleon and give their allegiance to the King. However as Napoleon marched into the town Fourier left in haste much to Napoleon's anger but they were soon reconciled and Fourier was appointed Prefect of the Rhone. When he received orders that he was to remove all administrators with royalist sympathies, however, he resigned and returned to Paris after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. Fourier was elected to the Acad mie des Sciences in 1817 and became Secretary to the mathematical section of the Acad mie in 1822. During his last years in Paris he resumed his mathematical researches and published a number of papers, some in pure mathematics and others on applied mathematical topics but his theory of heat still provoked controversy. After his death, Fourier's work provided the impetus for later work on trigonometric series and the theory of functions of a real variable and he is now regarded as having made substantial contributions to the development of both physics and mathematics.

Scroll through the series:

PreviousIntroductionNext



 

· More about Historical Anecdotes
· News by Anthony Waldstock


Most read story in Historical Anecdotes:
Historical Anecdotes: A


Historical Anecdotes: F | Login/Create an account | 16 Comments
Threshold
Comments are owned by the poster. We aren't responsible for their content.
comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 01, 2006 - 04:38 PM
prescription diet pill bextra buy norvasc cozaar side effects provera actonel medication chromium hexavalent lipitor vs zocor buy meridia bextra recall allegra ritalin abuse order effexor xr lamisil cream for foot atenolol drug lorazepam overdose celexa drug flonase concerta snorting zyrtec d side effects provera period lisinopril drug celexa withdrawal symptom acetaminophen e hydrocodone trazodone withdrawal lithium ion acetaminophen oxycodone levaquin side effects klonopin free nicotine patch


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 07, 2006 - 06:00 PM
augmentin antibiotic propecia pill drug valium buy prevacid generic viagra xenical information order ambien phentermine diet pill buspar withdrawal buspar xanax fosamax problem lortab 10 buy hydrocodone phentermine pharmacy san francisco zyprexa attorney lipitor muscle pain lisinopril side effects aciphex affect side clomid infertility buy propecia clonazepam side effects vioxx trial order xenical online drug effexor xr cephalexin 500 mg tramadol ultram prilosec buy celebrex


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 08, 2006 - 10:00 AM
phentermine and glucophage generic lamisil medication risperdal depo provera shot discount xenical atenolol 50mg glucosamine chondroitin msm neurontin use singulair allergy medicine order valtrex protonix buy propecia apo lorazepam buy paxil paxil withdrawal


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 23, 2006 - 07:56 AM
purchase ultram adhd concerta generic diovan klonopin side effects buy altace online phentermine online pharmacy protonix medication clonazepam anxiety danger of plavix hydrocodone interaction klonopin food to avoid with coumadin purchase soma percocet addiction glucosamine chondroitin augmentin alcohol naproxen 500 mg augmentin side effect acetaminophen effects side prilosec coupon


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 05, 2006 - 12:55 AM
las vegas casino casino royale how to play craps better com free jacks pogo nfl sports betting nfl gambling odds lucky-nugget feel lucky mlb-betting payment online roulette bet betting nba sports ussportsbook.com roulette super urs baccarat tip bingo game betting nba online sports betting casino gambling play baccarat online casino gambling play keno


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 06, 2006 - 02:51 PM
mlb-betting feel lucky riverbelle flash casino estate las real vegas bingo supply burt baccarat mlb-betting payment show vegas nfl betting free sic bo download baseball-lines feel lucky gambling card roulette game play sic bo better jacks poker strategy video online sports betting burt baccarat bingo online strip poker nfl football betting free casino bodog best resources online sports betting


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 15, 2006 - 09:12 PM
wellbutrin xl diazepam diazepam vardenafil wellbutrin buy xenical percodan order didrex wellbutrin sr sildenafil anexsia prelu-2 diazepam wellbutrin xl roxiprin ambien effects side riomet glucophage zoloftpercocet


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 23, 2006 - 05:12 AM
sildenafil citrate viagra online buy tramadol online order ultram buy valium xenical tramadol ultram wellbutrin sr xanax orlistat xanax side effects buy valium cheap xenical dicodid buy xanax online sildenafil xenical online online ultram over the counter xenical cheap tramadol


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 01, 2006 - 11:11 PM
buy buspar buy avandia online buy ambien drug neurontin tamiflu cheap anabolic steroid for sale lithium ion order lipitor augmentin xr allergic reaction to amoxicillin drug altace risperdal lawsuit valium diazepam clonidine hydrochloride ultracet


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 28, 2006 - 07:15 PM
adderall loss weight anime de dinfirmire adult cartoon sex calcium order fluoxetine myspace anime layout shop smoke tobacco adult cartoon bleach anime lamisil tablet hardcore hentai hydrocodone side effects prilosec otc anime woman cartoon disney sex


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 05, 2006 - 07:43 AM
effects side tenuate clonidine patch progesterone level pregnancy bar xanax buy propecia anime xxx nation prozac video manga porn tadalafil tablet chromium hexavalent neurontin opiate detox celexa withdrawal effects prozac side levaquin 500 manga porn foto wellbutrin weight gain


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 18, 2006 - 06:42 AM
addiction symptom xanax leave pregnancy reply xanax paxil withdrawal paxil lawsuit phentermine forum viagra alternative and woman buy cheap phentermine online buy easy viagra percocet blindness viagra buy online order viagra us pharmacy phentermine ambien cr effects side cialis vs viagra tramadol ultram yasmin birth control


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 26, 2006 - 09:41 AM
effects english lang viagra drug effects of xanax viagra joke buy cheap phentermine choice alprazolam buy or xanax non prescription phentermine viagra soft tab next day 4-24 buy viagra phentermine 37-5 mg diet pill cheap viagra online prescription effects long term viagra canada generic viagra ship free viagra sample blog dosage xanax female spray viagra effects of viagra on woman cheap online order phentermine


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 01, 2006 - 08:10 PM
Buy ativan Buy prevacid Buy lipitor Buy propecia Buy effexorxr Buy effexorxr Buy hydrocodone Buy lisinopril Buy oxycontin Buy flonase Buy synthroid Buy lorazepam Buy yasmin Buy zoloft Buy fosamax Buy fosamax Buy steroid Buy concerta Buy claritin Buy cephalexin


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 21, 2006 - 06:37 AM
lexapro medication tramadol online buy acyclovir cheap ambien online klonopin lawsuit ultram seizure percocet on line online pharmacy spain tramadol effects ultram dog tramadol er recall ultram acyclovir dose ultram dosing 200mg er ultram ambien tablet ultram sale zovirax acyclovir effects tramadol


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 27, 2006 - 05:36 PM
xanax and weight gain ambien online levitra now online tramadol canine carisoprodol picture cialis comparison levitra levitra online xenical mexico xanax addiction take xenical levitra sale tramadol medicine xenical side effects xanax information xanax addiction cialis compare levitra viagra viagra xenical levitra woman xanax and grapefruit ambien 10mg



© 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. Unless otherwise indicated, all written material on the storyoflondon site is the copyright of Bill McCann. All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters.

Google
 
Web www.storyoflondon.com

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This European History Site
is owned by
storyoflondon

If you would like to join this ring
Click Here

[Prev 5][Prev][Next][Random][Next 5] [List]

This web site was made with PostNuke, a web portal system written in PHP. PostNuke is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL license.
You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php