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ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
Updated.




He [Charels Dickens] describes London like a special correspondent for posterity.

-- Walter Baghot 1858



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July Week 3
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 - 05:38 AM by Bill McCann

This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Third week of July. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.</font


Daily updates on Events during the Third week


Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.

The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.

Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .

Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.

First WeekSecond WeekFinal Week

London and Londoners

15th

1498, Sunday The pretender Perkin Warbeck was imprisoned in the Tower after making a public confession of his treason against Henry VII.
1573, Wednesday Birth of the English architect Inigo Jones.
1608, Friday Mr Chamberlain reports on a stabbing in the White Hind, the progress of the plague and a ride between Brainford and Kensington.
1628, Tuesday Richard Weston was appointed Lord Treasurer of England.
1660, Sunday Mr Pepys attends a service at Westminster but spends most of the time looking at a certain married lady.
1662, Tuesday The Royal Society is granted its charter by Charles II. The Royal Society for the Promotion of Natural Knowledge (the Royal Society) was founded in 1660, received its charter from the newly restored Charles II.
1755, Tuesday The French ambassador was recalled from London following a British action against the French at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1903, Wednesday There were reports that the U.S. had seized about 20 small islands off Borneo that belonged to Britain.
1906, Sunday It was reported that a special ministry for Wales would be created.
1912, Monday The National Health Insurance Act came into force.
1913, Tuesday The House of Commons passed a second Irish Home Rule Bill but it was again thrown out in the Lords.
1919, Tuesday General Pershing arrived in London to lead the parade celebrating the peace of Versailles.
1921, Friday Lloyd George held talks with Eamon de Valera and Sir James Craig, the leaders of Southern and Northern Ireland to try to reach a solution to the Irish problem.
1929, Thursday Britain invited the U.S.S.R. to discuss the resumption of diplomatic relations.
1933, Saturday Birth of the English classical guitarist, Londoner Julian Bream.
1939, Saturday The first recruits registered under the Military Training Act reported for duty.
1944, Saturday The Greenwich Observatory was damaged by a flying bomb.
1948, Thursday The British Alcoholics Anonymous was founded.
1977, Friday The Callaghan Government announced a 10% limit on pay increases.
1980, Tuesday The Thatcher Government announced that it was to replace Polaris with U.S. Trident-1 nuclear missile system.
1981, Wednesday Fresh rioting broke out in Brixton and there were violent clashes between youths and the police.
1982, Thursday The Civil Servant Geoffrey Prime was charged under the Official Secrets Act with releasing classified information.
1990, Sunday The death of the English actress Margaret Lockwood.
1991, Monday The government warned cigarette manufacturers that tobacco advertising would be banned completely if they refused to carry the slogan Smoking Kills.
1993, Thursday Three armed robbers stole $7 million worth of jewels from a Hatton Garden workshop.
1996, Monday Prince Charles and Princess Diana were granted a decree nisi.

16th

1377, Friday Coronation of Richard II.
1439, Thursday Kissing was banned in England because of the Plague.
1546, Saturday Anne Askew and John Lascells were burned at Smithfield for denying transubstantiation.
1557, Friday The death of Ann of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII.
1606, Thursday Mr Chamberlain reports on a sad suicide, the whipping of the hangman and the attire of Sir Henry Cary.
1660, Tuesday Mr Pepys is unable to move his goods to his new house because of the rain.
1713, Friday The fourth Parliament of Queen Anne was dissolved.
1723, Tuesday Birth of the artist Joshua Reynolds.
1765, Wednesday George III dismissed prime minister George Grenville and appointed the Marquis of Rockingham in his place.
1827, Monday The death of the potter Josiah Spode.
1902, Thursday In the House of Commons, Eight bills for the building of London underground lines received their second reading.
1908, Friday Fire broke out in Moorgate tube station.
1920, Saturday Britain officially declared an end to the war with Austria.
1924, Thursday In London the conference the discuss the Dawes proposals for German reparation payments opened.
1924, Thursday Crowds gathered to cheer pilots Smith and Nelson as they land in London during the first round the world flight.
1928, Tuesday Birth of the English novelist, Londoner Anita Brookner.
1936, Friday Edward VIII escaped an assassination attempt.
1939, Monday Birth of the English actor, Londoner Corin redgrave.
1953, Thursday The death of the English author Hilaire Belloc.
1958, Thursday Premiere of Peter Shaffer's Five-Finger Exercise.
1963, Wednesday The government proposed the creation of a single ministry of defence to cover all the armed forces.
1970, Friday The Government declared a state of emergency during a strike by the dockworkers.
1980, Thursday The Observer newspaper announced that it would dismiss its entire staff after ownership talks with the National Geographical Association broke down.
1984, Tuesday The High Court ruled that the Government's ban on union membership at GCHQ. was illegal.
1987, Saturday British Airways announced that it was buying British Caledonian for 237 million.
1995, Sunday The death of the poet Stephen Spender.

17th

1586, Sunday Secretary of state, Francis Walsingham unravelled the Babington Plot to assassinate Elizabeth I and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots.
1603, Sunday The "Main Plot" for the deposition of James I was discovered. Walter Raleigh was among those implicated.
1606, Thursday Christian IV of Denmark, brother of Queen Anne, arrived on a state visit.
1641, Saturday Parliament refused to allow Queen Henrietta Maria to leave England, fearing she would take the crown jewels with her and sell them to raise funds in support of Charles I.
1660, Tuesday Mr Pepys comes to an arrangement with his predecessor and moves into his new house.
1674, Friday The birth of the English writer and preacher Isaac Watts.
1690, Thursday Tom Waters, a Highwayman, who held up Gipsies and robbed a Vice-Admiral, was executed at Tyburn.
1717, Wednesday Handel's Water Music was first performed during a Royal Procession on the Thames. George I liked it so much that he had it played three times.
1794, Thursday Anne Broadric was indicted for murdering a man who had jilted her for another Woman.
1840, Friday In the House of Commons the Ayes and the Noes tied at 58 on a Motion to adjourn debate on the Farnham Rectory Chapels Bill. The speaker, Charles Shaw-Lefevre cast his vote with the Ayes.
1841, Saturday The humorous magazine Punch was first published. It ceased publication in 1992 but was re-launched in 1996
1908, Friday The first criminal appeal against a murder conviction was turned down at the Central Criminal Court.
1915, Saturday Thirty thousand women march to demand war jobs.
1917, Tuesday The Royal family officially became the House of Windsor.
1919, Friday The Government restricted luxury imports to protect balance of trade.
1935, Wednesday Death of the Irish poet George William Russel (AE).
1940, Wednesday The Minister of Economic Warfare announces that 700,000 tons of contraband goods have been seized since the beginning of the war.
1940, Wednesday Birth of the English Comedian Tim Brooke-Taylor.
1942, Friday Birth of the English television broadcaster Peter Sissons.
1948, Saturday Birth of the English dancer and choreographer Wayne Sleep.
1974, Wednesday A terrorist bomb exploded in the Tower of London. One person was killed and forty-one others injured.
1978, Monday In the House of Commons the Ayes and the Noes tied at 286 on a Motion to disagree with Lords Amendment to the Scotland Bill. The speaker, George Thomas, cast his vote with the Ayes.

18th

1496, Monday England nominally joined the League of Venice against France.
1540, Sunday Henry VIII married Katherine Howard.
1635, Saturday The birth of the scientist Robert Hooke.
1660, Wednesday Mr Pepys avoids his father and receives half a buck which he gives to his mother.
1741, Saturday A spectacular fireworks display, with music by Handel and others, was held at Cuper's Gardens.
1796, Monday The birth of the Chartist leader Fergus O'Connor.
1811, Tuesday Birth of the English novelist and poet William Makepeace Thackeray.
1834, Friday In the House of Commons, the Ayes and the Noes tied at 33 on a Motion to retain wording of the Lord's Day (No. 2) Bill. The Speaker, Charles M Sutton, cast his vote with the Ayes.
1848, Tuesday The birth of the English cricketer William Gilbert Grace.
1865, Tuesday The birth of the English author and playwright Laurence Houseman.
1872, Thursday The secret ballot in parliamentary elections was introduced.

1892, Monday Death of the English pioneer travel agent Thomas Cook.
1900, Wednesday Fifty thousand attended a Young People's Society of Christian Endeavour world convention in London.
1904, Monday The Government despatched warships to protect British merchant ships from harassment by the Russian Navy.
1906, Wednesday The Government reinforced troops in Egypt to deal with protests following the execution of those responsible for the murder of British officers.
1916, Tuesday The Government published a blacklist of U.S. firms with whom it refused to trade.
1919, Friday Sir Edwin Lutyens' new war memorial, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, was unveiled.
1922, Tuesday Joseph O'Sullivan and Reginald Dunn were sentenced to death for the murder of Sir Henry Wilson.
1923, Wednesday Under the Matrimonial Causes Bill, British women were given equal divorce rights with men.
1931, Saturday Compulsory motorcar insurance was introduced.
1936, Saturday An Irish Nationalist was arrested for the recent attempt to assassinate Edward VIII.
1946, Thursday The House of Commons approved a Cabinet mission report on India but Churchill claimed that the mission went too far in offering India independence outside of the Commonwealth.
1950, Tuesday Birth of the British entrepreneur Richard Branson.
1967, Tuesday The Government announced substantial defence cuts including troop withdrawal from Egypt.
1973, Wednesday Death of the British film actor Jack Hawkins.
1985, Thursday Austrian white wine was removed from sale after the discovery of samples contaminated with anti-freeze additives.
1992, Saturday John Smith was elected leader of the Labour party with Margaret Beckett as his deputy.

19th

1374, Wednesday Death of the Italian poet Petrarch.
1553, Wednesday Mary was proclaimed Queen at Cheapside cross.
1573, Sunday Death of the Dr. John Caius, physician to both Mary and Elizabeth.
1617, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the dispute between Sir Edward Coke and his wife about who their daughter should marry.
1643, Wednesday Death of the Welsh politician, goldsmith, and entrepreneur, Sir Hugh Myddelton.
1649, Tuesday In London, Edward Winslow helped found the Society for Propagating the Gospel in New England.
1660, Thursday Mr Pepys has a lie-in, does some business and treats some friends to anchovies and olives at the Dog Tavern.
1738, Wednesday Joseph Johnson, a pickpocket and "Esquire," who swindled many Farmers, was executed at Tyburn at the age of sixty.
1768, Tuesday Sarah Metyard and Sarah Morgan Metyard, her Daughter, were executed at Tyburn for the murders of Parish apprentices.
1770, Thursday Peter Conway and Michael Richardson were executed at Tyburn for a murder which was their first essay in crime.
1901, Friday The Duke of Marlborough announced that he is to hold a fete for 7,000 people from the Conservative and Liberal Unionists Association.
1905, Wednesday The birth of the English conductor Boyd Neel.
1926, Monday Churchill's settlement with the French was criticised in the Commons.
1932, Tuesday George V opened Lambeth Bridge.
1933, Wednesday The World Petroleum Congress met for the first time at Imperial College of Science and Technology.
1940, Friday General Sir Alan Brooke became commander-in-chief of the home forces.
1941, Saturday Churchill launched his "V for Victory" campaign.
1971, Monday The Heath Government brought in a mini-budget which slashed purchase tax and abolishes all hire-purchase controls.
1977, Tuesday The Trades Union Council refused to set any levels for wage claims.

20th

1584, Monday The conspirator Francis Throckmorton, who plotted to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I, was executed at Tyburn.
1615, Thursday Mr Chamberlain reports on the King's Progress and the hardship this will cause the counties through which the Court will pass.
1616, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the fate of the Somersets, Frances Howard and Robert Carr.
1640, Monday Charles I left for York to face a threatened invasion from Scotland.
1642, Wednesday Parliament appointed county committees which were responsible for raising troops and financing the war against Charles I.
1660, Friday Mr Pepys has a busy morning at the office, dines on the venison which he had given his mother and does some business at Westminster.
1837, Thursday Euston railway station was opened.
1885, Monday Professional football was legalised in Britain.
1889, Saturday Birth of the Scottish engineer and first director general of the BBC John Reith.
1903, Monday In London, the International Telegraphic Conference decided that technology must be simplified.
1910, Wednesday Churchill announced wide ranging prison reforms, including lectures on various subjects for inmates.
1911, Thursday The House of Lords attempted to protect its power by passing a watered-down version of the Parliament Bill passed by the House of Commons.
1920, Tuesday The funeral of ex-empress Eugenie of France took place. She was buried next to her husband Napoleon III in the Abbey at Farnborough.
1925, Monday Birth of the French politician Jacques Delors.
1937, Tuesday Death of the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi.
1938, Wednesday This year's summer wear for men included slacks at 30 shillings and shorts at 17s. 6d.
1938, Wednesday Birth of the English actress Diana Rigg.
1946, Saturday Birth of the English actress Wendy Richard.
1954, Tuesday A Public enquiry approved the proposed expansion of Gatwick Airport.
1970, Monday Death of the British politician Ian Macleod.
1989, Thursday Death of the English comedian Harry Worth.

21st

1621, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the release from the Tower of the Earl of Northumberland after fifteen years incarceration.
1647, Monday Apprentices rebelled because of the abolition of their holidays and were joined by the Watermen and others in a pledge to restore the Monarchy.
1660, Saturday Mr Pepys finalises the paperwork concerning his agreement with his predecessor and dines at a club where they had three voices to sing catches.
1693, Friday Birth of the prime minister, Thomas Pelham-Holles, Duke of Newcastle.
1703, Wednesday John Peter Dramatti was executed at Tyburn for the murder of his wife, who said she was allied to the French Royal Family.
1897, Wednesday The Tate Gallery is opened on the site of the Millbank prison.
1900, Saturday In response to America's request for an immediate advance on Peking, Lord Salisbury stressed Britain's willingness to co-operate but insisted upon waiting until September.
1904, Thursday There was a crisis in Anglo-Russian relations as Russia sank one British ship and seized another.
1909, Wednesday Six suffragettes, recently jailed for breaking windows in Whitehall, were released for insubordination, kicking and biting female wardens and for going on strike.
1910, Thursday Twenty independent women's suffrage groups gathered for a mass demonstration in Hyde Park during which 150 speakers addressed the crowd from 40 platforms.
1914, Tuesday British and Irish parties failed to reach agreement at the Buckingham Palace conference.
1919, Monday The House of Lords ratified the Treaty of Versailles.
1925, Tuesday The Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, announced a special bonus for miners, narrowly averting a nationwide strike.
1926, Wednesday Birth of the English Actress Queenie Watts.
1926, Wednesday Birth of the English actor Bill Pertwee.
1928, Friday Death of the English actress Ellen Terry.
1931, Tuesday In the House of Commons, a Bill proposing the sterilisation of the mentally defective was defeated.
1934, Saturday Birth of the theatre director Jonathan Miller.
1935, Sunday Birth of the English Actor Julian Pettifer.
1958, Monday The Macmillan Government announced a big expansion in polio vaccination.
1962, Saturday Death of the historian George Macaulay Trevelyan.
1969, Monday It was announced that Hawker Siddeley would build the wings for the Franco-German Airbus project at huge financial risk as the Wilson Government refused to take any part in financing the work.
1974, Sunday The Police national computer began operating.
1978, Thursday The Callaghan Government announced new pay increase guidelines of 5%. The unions rejected this as unrealistic.
1986, Monday A report revealed that 20% of children were now born outside marriage.
1994, Thursday Tony Blair was elected leader of the Labour party.

Outside London

15th

1608, Friday Birth of the Dutch painter Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn.
1795, Wednesday The 'Marseillaise', written by Rouget de Lisle in 1792, was officially adopted as the French national anthem.
1869, Thursday Margarine was patented by Hippolyte M ge-Mouri s in Paris.
1904, Friday Death of the Russian dramatist and author Anton Chekhov.
1913, Tuesday Birth of the English novelist Hammond Innes.
1919, Tuesday Birth of the Irish novelist Iris Murdoch.
1929, Monday Death of the Austrian dramatist and poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal.
1934, Sunday Birth of the English composer Harrison Birtwistle.
1965, Thursday The Mariner space probe transmitted the first close-up pictures of Mars.
1997, Tuesday The Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace was murdered.
2000, Saturday Death of the Canadian Baritone Louis Quilico.

16th

1216, Sunday Death of Pope Innocent III.
1644, Wednesday In the Civil War, York, under siege since April, surrendered to the parliamentarians.
1661, Wednesday Europe's first banknotes were issued, by the Bank of Stockholm.
1704, Sunday Birth of the machinist John Kay, inventor of the flying shuttle.
1782, Wednesday Premiere of Mozart's Die Entf hrung aus dem Serail, in Vienna.
1872, Wednesday Birth of the Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen.
1907, Wednesday Birth of the American film actress Barbara Stanwyck.
1911, Monday Birth of the American film actress and dancer Ginger Rogers.
1918, Wednesday The last tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, along with his entire family, family doctor, servants, and pet dog, was murdered by Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg.
1935, Wednesday George V reviewed a huge naval fleet.
1945, Tuesday The first atomic bomb, developed by Robert Oppenheimer and his team at Los Alamos, was exploded in New Mexico.
1948, Saturday Birth of the Israeli violinist Pinchas Zukerman.
1965, Saturday The Mont Blanc road tunnel, linking France and Italy, was opened.
1969, Thursday Apollo 11, which made the first manned Moon landing, was launched.
1983, Sunday Twenty people died in Britain's worst helicopter crash, off the Scilly Isles.
1989, Monday Death of the Austrian conductor Herbert von Karajan.
1994, Sunday Large rock fragments and ice particles from the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 begin to collide with the planet Jupiter.

17th

1453, Tuesday With the defeat of the English at the Battle of Castillon, the Hundred Years' War between France and England came to an end.
1537, Saturday James V of Scotland had the Earl of Angus' sister, Lady Glaims burned for whichcraft as a political move against the Anglohphile faction.
1790, Saturday Death of the Scottish economist Adam Smith.
1793, Wednesday Charlotte Corday, the murderess of Marat, was executed.
1899, Monday Birth of the American film actor James Cagney.
1912, Wednesday Death of French mathematician Henri Poincare.
1935, Wednesday Birth of the Canadian film actor Donald Sutherland.
1975, Thursday The American Apollo spacecraft and the Russian Soyuz craft successfully docked while in orbit.
1981, Friday Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the Humber Estuary Bridge the world's longest single span structure.

18th

64, Wednesday In Rome, the great fire began and lasted for nine days.
1610, Wednesday Death of the Italian painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio.
1720, Monday Birth of the English naturalist Gilbert White.
1721, Tuesday Death of the French painter Antoine Watteau.
1762, Sunday The Tsar of Russia, Peter III, was murdered.
1817, Wednesday Death of the English novelist Jane Austen.
1870, Monday The Vatican Council proclaimed the Dogma of Papal Infallibility in matters of faith and morals.
1901, Thursday The Water supply turned off in Manchester as a heat wave hits the U.K. with the temperature reaching 35 degrees Centigrade.
1925, Saturday Mein Kampf, Hitler's political testament, was published.
1934, Wednesday George V opened the Mersey Tunnel, the longest underwater tunnel in Britain.
1936, Saturday The Spanish Civil War began with an army revolt led by Francisco Franco against the Republican Government.
1997, Friday The presence of water molecules in the sunspots on the Sun was discovered, where the top layers are just cool enough for water molecules to form.

19th

1545, Sunday The Mary Rose, the pride of Henry VIII's fleet, keeled over and sank in the Solent with the loss of 700 lives.
1814, Tuesday Death of the English navigator Matthew Flinders.
1834, Saturday Birth of the French painter Edgar Degas.
1837, Wednesday Brunel's 236 foot steamship, the Great Western, was launched at Bristol.
1896, Sunday Birth of the Scottish novelist A.J Cronin.
1937, Monday Death of the Scottish writer J.M Barrie.
1983, Tuesday Fossil remains of a previously unknown species of carnivorous dinosaur are found in a Surrey clay pit.
1984, Thursday Many areas of Britain were struck by a weak earthquake whose epicentre was in Wales.

20th

1304, Monday Birth of the Italian poet Petrarch.
1903, Monday Death of Pope Leo XIII.
1919, Sunday Birth of the New Zealand mountaineer Edmund Hillary.
1912, Saturday Death of the Scottish historian Andrew Lang.
1944, Thursday The German staff officer Colonel von Stauffenberg attempted to assassinate Hitler.
1975, Sunday After an 11-month journey, the spacecraft Viking 1 made a soft landing on Mars.

21st

1588, Sunday The Spanish Armada was first engaged by the English Fleet.
1796, Thursday Death of the Scottish poet Robert Burns.
1816, Sunday Birth of the German news agency founder Paul Julius von Reuter.
1899, Friday Birth of the American novelist Ernest Hemingway.
1967, Friday Death of the South African actor Basil Rathbone.
1969, Monday The lunar module Apollo 11 landed on the Moon, and US astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin took their first exploratory walk.
1976, Wednesday Christopher Ewart Biggs, British ambassador to Ireland, was murdered.

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