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ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
Updated.




Among the noble cities of the world that are celebrated by Fame, the City of London, seat of the Monarchy of England, is one that spreads its fame wider, sends its wealth further, and lifts its head higher than all the others.

-- William FitzStephen 1170s



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July Week 2
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 - 05:32 AM by Bill McCann

This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of July. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.


Daily updates on Events during the Second week


Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.

The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.

Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .

Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.

First WeekThird WeekFinal Week

London and Londoners

8th

1546, Thursday Henry VIII abolished all books containing "errors and heresy".
1566, Monday Elizabeth I visited Sir Edward Herbert at Hendon Place.
1613, Thursday Mr Chamberlain describes how the Globe came to be destroyed.
1620, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the Governors of the Virginia and East India Companies and the increasing power of the Star Chamber.
1660, Sunday Mr Pepys hears an organ and church choir for the first time in his life and does not care for the Bishop of Chichester's sermon before the King.
1713, Wednesday The commissioners for building the proposed 50 new churches purchased three acres of land in the parish of St Pancras to accommodate the necessary Burial Grounds.
1721, Saturday The Royal Academy of Music faced financial difficulties with many of their subscribtions in arrears.
1836, Friday Birth of the English statesman Joseph Chamberlain.
1851, Tuesday Birth of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans.
1884, Tuesday The National society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded.
1914, Wednesday The Government announced that it might accept the House of Lords amendment to Irish Home Rule Bill which would exclude Ulster.
1914, Wednesday National Savings stamps went on sale for the first time.
1930, Tuesday George V opened India House in the Aldwych and appealed for peace in India.
1931, Wednesday After a rapid passage through Parliament, the Coal Bill received the Royal Assent.
1932, Friday In the UK's first national sex scandal Harold Davidson, the Rector of Stiffkey, was found guilty of disreputable association with young women.
1933, Saturday Death of the novelist Anthony Hope.
1939, Saturday Death of the English physician and author Henry Havelock Ellis.
1952, Tuesday The National Union of Railwaymen endorsed Aneurin Bevan's campaign against rearmament.
1958, Tuesday The Government announced that it would buy a complete nuclear submarine propulsion plant from the United States.
1967, Saturday Death of the English film actress Vivien Leigh.
1970, Wednesday Roy Jenkins became deputy leader of the Labour party.
1979, Sunday Death of the English film actor Michael Wilding.
1981, Wednesday There were riots in Wood Green and also in Moss Side, Manchester.
1986, Tuesday British Steel made a profit for the first time in 17 years.
1989, Friday The Bill to privatise the water industry in England and Wales was passed by the House of Lords.
1996, Monday A patent application to use genetically engineered mosquitoes to immunise people against malaria was filed.

9th

1540, Friday The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves was dissolved.
1612, Thursday Mr Chamberlian expostulates on the idleness of the English Colonists in Virginia.
1660, Monday Mr Pepys signs his first bills at the Navy Office.
1716, Sunday At the invitation of George I, Handel set out to accompany the King on his visit to Hanover.
1797, Sunday The death of the Irish Statesman and philosopher, Londoner Edmund Burke.
1840, Tuesday Edward Oxford was tried for High Treason after shooting at Queen Victoria while riding along Constitution Hill with Prince Albert. He was found insane.
1877, Monday The first Wimbledon Lawn Tennis championship was held. Its original site was at Worple Road.
1901, Tuesday There was anger in official circles after a rower from Pennsylvania objected to the treatment he received at the Henley regatta.
1903, Thursday Edward VII formally welcomed U.S. naval forces to England, and spoke in favour of closer relations between Britain and the U.S.
1909, Friday George Bernard Shaw's censored play Press Cutting was given a public performance.
1914, Thursday A Government report exposed the harsh working conditions of women factory workers.
1916, Sunday Birth of the politician Edward Heath.
1933, Sunday Birth of the English film scriptwriter Oliver Sacks.
1936, Thursday The Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, announced plans to add 750,000 to the dole budget.
1938, Saturday Gas masks were issued to the civilian population in preparation for World War II.

1939, Sunday In the face of the threat from Germany, Churchill proposed a military alliance with Russia.
1940, Tuesday The Duke of Windsor was appointed governor of the Bahamas.
1952, Wednesday Conservative MPs demanded the dismissal of the Dean of Canterbury for supporting Communist germ warfare charges against the U.S.
1955, Saturday Nine scientists, led by Bertrand Russell, called for a ban on war because nuclear weapons threatened the continued existence of humans.
1963, Tuesday Ninety-four people were arrested during violent protests against the visit of the Greek King to London.
1968, Tuesday The Queen opened the Hayward Gallery on the South Bank.
1981, Thursday The Labour Party claimed that the riots in Britain's inner cities were caused by the Prime Minister, Mrs Thatcher.
1991, Tuesday The Royal Zoological Society announced that London Zoo, the world's oldest, would have to close because of lack of funding.
1993, Friday In London, it was announced that DNA tests on bones found in Russia in 1991 proved that they were the remains of Czar Nicholas II and his family, murdered by the Bolsheviks in 1918.
1997, Wednesday Birth of the English zoologist J Z Young.

10th

1460, Thursday Henry VI was captured at Northampton in the Wars of the Roses.
1553, Monday Lady Jane Grey was proclaimed Queen at the Cross in Cheapside.
1603, Sunday Mr Chamberlain reports on the exodus from London because of the plague.
1645, Thursday Parliamentarian forces won the Battle of Langpot, Somerset, during a campaign in the southwest of England.
1660, Tuesday Mr Pepys puts on his new silk suit, the first he ever wore, and attends a great wedding but fails to keep his promise to return to see the bride put to bed.
1905, Monday The Government proposed a redistribution of parliamentary seats which would mean 22 fewer MPs for Ireland.
1910, Sunday H.W. Cox, an early pioneer of X-ray rechnology, died as a result of overexposure to the radiaton.
1917, Tuesday After complaints from the public, the Government announced that it would test war bread for digestibility.
1931, Friday Bentley Motors called in the receiver.
1945, Tuesday Birth of the English Tennis player Virginia Wade (Wimbledon 1977).
1950, Monday The Government announced the end soap rationing.
1956, Tuesday The House of Lords rejected the bill to ban the death penalty.
1958, Thursday Britain's first parking meters were installed in Mayfair.

1981, Friday Riots broke out across London and in Birmingham, Reading, Wolverhampton, Preston, Hull and Ellesmere Port.
1984, Tuesday Dock workers went on strike over use of non-registered labour.

11th

1212, Friday A disastrous fire destroyed much of Southwark including Borough High Street and the church of St Mary Ovarie. It is estimated that 3,000 people lost their lives, many of them spectators gathered on London Bridge which was also destroyed.
1274, Wednesday Birth of Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland.
1533, Tuesday Pope Clement VII threatened Henry VIII with excommunication by September if he did not reverse the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
1558, Friday Birth of the English dramatist Robert Greene.
1625, Monday The first Parliament of Charles I adjourned to Oxford to escape the plague.
1660, Wednesday Mr Pepys has a busy day at the Navy Office and spends his first night there.
1848, Tuesday Waterloo Station was officially opened.
1902, Friday Edward VII conferred the Order of the Garter on Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to Habsburg Empire.
1907, Thursday The Directors of Plympia decided to hold annual horse show following the great success of the recent show.
1910, Monday Lloyd George declared that reform of the House of Lords had priority over women's suffrage.
1914, Saturday Suffragettes attempted to bomb a church in the heart of Westminster.
1920, Sunday The Foreign Minister, Lord Curzon, put forward a proposal to establish the Russo-Polish border.
1921, Monday Birth of the German baritone Hermann Prey.
1929, Thursday A Cabinet order barred Leon Trotsky from England.
1941, Friday Death of the English archaeologist Arthur John Evans.
1944, Tuesday The birth of the English entrepreneur and yachtsman Peter de Savary.
1946, Thursday The death of the English artist Paul Nash.
1949, Monday The Transport and General Workers Union banned Communists and Fascists from office.
1950, Tuesday The first children's television programme, Andy Pandy, was transmitted by the BBC.
1974, Thursday In the House of Commons, the Ayes and the Noes tied on 291 in a Division on an Amendment to the Trade Union and Labour Relations Bill. The Speaker, J Selwyn Lloyd, cast his vote with the Noes. An irregularity in this division was later discovered and one vote was struck off the Noes and the result reversed.
1974, Thursday In the House of Commons, the Ayes and the Noes tied on 283 in a Division on an Amendment to the Trade Union and Labour Relations Bill. The Speaker, J Selwyn Lloyd, cast his vote with the Noes. An irregularity in this division was later discovered and one vote was struck off the Noes and the result reversed.
1975, Friday A six pounds a week pay increase limit was imposed by the Wilson Government.
1977, Monday Under the law against blasphemy, the magazine Gay News was fined 1,000 for publishing a poem depicting Jesus as a homosexual.
1987, Saturday It was formally announced that the world population had reached 5,000,000,000, double the level of 1950.
1989, Tuesday The death of the English actor Laurence Olivier.
1994, Monday A Law to recognise male rape as an offence came into force.

12th

1543, Thursday Henry VIII married Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
1623, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the probable failure of an attempt by Sir Thomas Roe to conlude a truce with the Barbary pirates.
1660, Friday Mr Pepys has a run-around trying to get his patent for the Office of Clerk of Works authorised and goes to bed with a troubled mind.
1705, Thursday The death of the anti-Catholic conspirator and perjurer Titus Oates.
1712, Saturday Death of Richard Cromwell, the former Lord Protector of England and son of Oliver Cromwell.
1715, Tuesday Because of the Jacobite threat, Parliament suspended the Habeas Corpus Act.
1794, Saturday Admiral Nelson lost his right eye at the siege of Calvi.
1900, Thursday Puccini's Tosca was first performed in the U.K. at Covent Garden.
1902, Saturday The Ageing Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury, retired and was succeeded by Arthur Balfour.
1906, Thursday Ten Londoners on a day trip to Brighton were killed in a bus crash at Handcross Hill in Sussex. Twenty-six others were injured in this, the first fatal motor-bus accident.
1910, Tuesday The death of the engineer and aviator Charles Stewart Rolls.
1914, Sunday The Prime Minister, H H Asquith, highlighted the failure of current army recruitment methods and calls were made for substantial reforms.
1921, Tuesday The English Aviator Harry Hawker died in explosion while testing a plane for an aerial derby.
1921, Tuesday The Irish leader Eamon De Valera arrived in London for peace talks.
1926, Monday In London, Winston Churchill and the French Minister of Finance signed an agreement over funding France's war debt to Britain.
1949, Tuesday In the on-going dock strike, thirteen thousand dockers were not working.
1956, Thursday Fifteen members of the Supreme Soviet arrived in London to see British cultural and political institutions.
1961, Wednesday The Macmillan government granted 1 million toward the establishment of a National Theatre.
1967, Wednesday Transport Minister Barbara Castle announced that the 70 m.p.h. speed limit would not be changed.
1978, Wednesday Death of the Irish newspaper publisher, Londoner Harold Sydney Harmsworth, Viscount Rothermere.
1982, Monday The death of the English actor Kenneth More.

1984, Thursday Robert Maxwell bought the Mirror Group newspapers.
1987, Sunday The Sunday Times reveals that contempt proceedings were being taken against it for printing extracts form the book Spycatcher.
1990, Thursday The House of Commons agriculture committee insisted that there was no evidence to connect eating beef contaminated with BSE with a threat to human health.
1996, Friday The Prince and Princess of Wales agreed terms for divorce but no formal confirmation of the details was issued.

13th

1527, Saturday Birth of the English mathematician, alchemist and astrologer, Londoner John Dee.
1530, Wednesday Thomas Cranmer and Thomas Boleyn take the arguments in support of the divorce of Henry VIII to Pope Gregory VII.
1615, Thursday Mr Chamberlain reports the death of Sir Henry Neville of scurvy.
1620, Thursday The Actor and theatre owner, Edward Alleyn, laid the foundation stone of the Almshouse he had endowed in Pest House Lane [now Bath Street].
1622, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports and comments on the massacre of 350 settlers by the Indians of Virginia.
1646, Saturday The Parliamentary commissioners presented Charles I with the Newcastle Propositions for reform. He delayed his answer until 1st August.
1660, Friday Mr Pepys wears his new camlett coat with the silver buttons for the first time and finally gets his Seal of Office completed.
1684, Sunday The new church of St James in Piccadilly was consecrated.
1762, Tuesday Death of the English astronomer James Bradley.
1811, Saturday Birth of the English architect George Gilbert Scott.
1837, Thursday Buckingham Palace became a royal residence for the first time when it was occupied by Queen Victoria.
1859, Wednesday Birth of the English social reformer, Londoner Sidney Webb.
1871, Thursday The first cat show, which was organised by Harrison Weir, was opened at Crystal Palace.
1914, Monday The Performing Rights Society was founded.
1915, Tuesday A Royal Proclamation required that all trade disputes must be reported to the Board of Trade before strike action is contemplated.
1920, Tuesday The London County Council banned the employment of foreigners in almost all council jobs.
1923, Friday The House of Commons pass Lady Astor's Bill which banned the sale of alcohol to people under 18.
1948, Tuesday It was announced that the Coal Board had lost over 23 million in the first year of nationalisation.
1953, Monday The British Steel Industry was de-nationalised.
1955, Wednesday Ruth Ellis was hanged at Holloway Prison for the murder of racing driver David Blakely. She was to be the last woman hanged in Britain.
1960, Wednesday Birth of the Welsh Editor of Private Eye Ian Hislop.
1966, Wednesday In London, Spanish-British talks on the future of Gibraltar ended with no progress being made.
1967, Thursday The Public Records Act came into force and meant that records were made public after 30 years.
1983, Wednesday After a long debate, the House of Commons voted 361-245 against the restoration of the death penalty.
1996, Saturday Protesters occupied part of the M25 motorway and planted trees in the fast lane.

14th

1621, Saturday Mr Chamberlain reports on the gossip about the reconciliation of the Chief Justice, Sir Edward Coke, and his wife.
1660, Saturday Mr Pepys is busy making arrangements for the move to his new house at the Navy Office but manages a barrel of pickled oysters for breakfast and a haircut by a street barber.
1823, Monday On a State Visit to Britain, King Kamehameha II of Hawaii and his Queen died of measles.
1847, Monday In the House of Commons the Ayes and the Noes tied at 54 on a Motion to give a second reading to the Parliamentary Electors Bill now, and not in three months. The Speaker, Charles Shaw-Lefevre voted with the Ayes.
1867, Sunday At a quarry in Redhill, Alfred Nobel demonstrated dynamite for the first time.
1902, Monday A J Balfour was formally greeted by the House of Commons as the new Prime Minister.
1903, Tuesday It became known that the government would reject proposals to introduce driving tests, vehicle inspections and penalties for drunken drivers.
1907, Sunday Death of the English chemist and inventor of aniline dyes, Londoner William Henry Perkin.
1926, Wednesday It was announced that from the following year all broadcasting would be in the hands of a new British Broadcasting Corporation.
1930, Monday The government announced it was borrow 10 million to help the unemployed.
1936, Tuesday Mass production of gas masks began with the aim of producing one for each citizen.
1937, Wednesday The Government launched a public health campaign.
1939, Friday The government announced that all infants and nursing mothers would get fresh milk free or at no more than tuppence a pint.
1949, Thursday In an attempt to deal with the dollar shortage the Government introduced more rationing.
1962, Saturday In a major Cabinet re-shuffle, known as the Night of the Long knives, Macmillan sacked seven members of his government.
1967, Friday The Act legalising abortion came into force.

1983, Thursday Death of the war cartoonist Philip Zec.
1990, Saturday Nicholas Ridley resigned from the cabinet over anti-German remarks he made in an interview with The Spectator.
1993, Wednesday The House of Lords rejected pleas from Baroness Thatcher and other Euroskeptics for a referendum on the Maastricht treaty.
1994, Thursday It was announced that 750 million would be cut from the defence budget.
1997, Monday 1997 The Government effectively accepted the lowering of the age of consent for homosexuals from 18 to 16 when it dropped its opposition to a case in the European Court.

Outside London

8th

1497, Saturday Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama left Lisbon for the voyage on which he discovered the Cape route to India.
1621, Sunday Birth of the French writer Jean de la Fontaine.
1822, Monday Death of the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.
1911, Saturday George V and Queen Mary paid a royal visit to Dublin and were greeted by thousands.

9th

1440, Tuesday Death of the Flemish painter Jan van Eyck.
1562, Thursday Birth of the Italian painter Orazio Gentileschi.
1879, Monday Birth of the Italian composer Ottorino Respeghi.
1888, Monday Birth of the British cartoonist Bruce Bairnsfather.
1901, Tuesday The birth of the novelist Barbara Cartland.
1912, Tuesday An explosion in Cadeby Colliery killed 80 miners.
1935, Tuesday Birth of the English actor Michael Williams.
1937, Friday The birth of the artist David Hockney.
1956, Monday Birth of the American film actor Tom Hanks.
1984, Monday Lightning struck York Minster and set the roof on fire, destroying the south transept.

10th

138, Wednesday Death of the Roman emperor Hadrian.
1509, Tuesday Birth of the French religious reformer Jean Calvin.
1830, Saturday Birth of the French painter Camille Pissarro.
1851, Thursday Death of the French photographic pioneer Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre.
1871, Monday Birth of the French author Marcel Proust.
1895, Wednesday Birth of the German composer Carl Orff.
1900, Tuesday The Paris underground railway, the Metro, was opened.
1962, Tuesday Telstar, the first private communications satellite, was launched.
1989, Monday Death of Mel Blanc, the voice of Bugs Bunny and other cartoon characters.
1997, Thursday Japanese astronomers reported the discovery of a knot of mass, which they called a 'dark cluster', with the chemical and gravitational properties of a cluster of galaxies, but optically invisible.

11th

1657, Saturday Birth of the King of Prussia Frederick I.
1904, Monday Birth of the Italian Contralto Ebe Stignani.
1915, Sunday Birth of the American film actor Yul Brynner.
1935, Thursday Death of the French soldier Alfred Dreyfus.
1937, Monday Death of the American composer George Gershwin.
1946, Thursday George VI attended a thanksgiving service at Canterbury Cathedral, the first Monarch to visit the Cathedral since the Henry II after the murder of Becket.
1975, Friday Excavations at the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi, near the ancient Chinese capital of Xi'an, uncovered an army of 8,000 life-size terracotta warriors dating to about 206 BC.

12th

100 BCE, Friday Birth of the Roman emperor Gaius Julius Caesar.
1536, Wednesday Death of the Dutch scholar Desiderius Erasmus.
1549, Friday Robert Kent, an English Protestant tanner, lead an insurgent army of East Anglian peasants to Norwich, where they established a "commonwealth", a great camp of 12,000 stong, on Mousehold Heath.
1878, Friday Cyprus was ceded to British administration by Turkey.
1884, Saturday Birth of the Italian painter and sculptor Amadeo Modigliani.
1958, Saturday Birth of the English comedienne and actress Jennifer Saunders.
1960, Tuesday The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 5, with two dogs on board.
1981, Sunday A Multi-racial mob of 300 attacked police in Leicester with petrol bombs.

13th

1553, Thursday In the dispute over the succession, Northumberland led a force against Princess Mary but she evaded him.
1558, Sunday An Anglo-Flemish army defeated the French at Cambrai in the Spanish Netherlands.
1607, Monday Birth of the Bohemian engraver and etcher Wenceslaus Hollar.
1643, Thursday In the Civil War, Royalists won the Battle of Roundway Down near Devizes, Wiltshire and Queen Henrietta arrived at York after having landed at on the east coast at Billington.
1793, Saturday The French revolutionary leader Jean-Paul Marat, was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
1911, Thursday Investiture of the new Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII) in Caernarvon Castle.
1913, Sunday The Handley Page test pilot Ronald Whitehouse, who had been banned by the Mayor from flying within Hull city boundary on Sundays, mocked the ban by flying just outside the boundary to the cheers of an estimated 7,000 spectators.
1933, Thursday Birth of the English novelist and dramatist David Storey.
1942, Monday Birth of the American film actor Harrison Ford.
1951, Friday Death of the Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg.

14th

1544, Monday Henry VIII crossed to Calais to wage a campaign against Francis I of France.
1644, Sunday Queen Henrietta fled to France after giving birth to her youngest child in Exeter.
1742, Wednesday Death of the English clergyman and classical scholar, Richard Bentley.
1789, Tuesday The Bastille was stormed by the citizens of Paris and razed to the ground as the French Revolution began.
1858, Wednesday Birth of the English suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst.
1887, Thursday Death of the German industrialist Alfred Krupp.
1918, Sunday Birth of the Swedish film director Ingmar Bergman.

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