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ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
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London is the common country of all England, from which is derived to all parts of this realm all good and all ill occurrent here.

-- Thomas Bedyll, Archdeacon of London, 1537



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March Week 2
Posted on Jun 10, 2002 - 04:40 AM by Bill McCann

This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of March. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.




Daily updates on Events during the Second week


Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.

The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.

Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .

Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.

First WeekThird WeekFinal Week

London and Londoners

8th

1263, Thursday , Henry III ordered the barons the citizens of London and the men of the shires to take an oath of fealty to him and to the Lord Edward as his heir.
1702, Sunday, William III was killed during a riding accident.
1702, Sunday, The succession of Queen Anne.
1712, Saturday, Birth of the English physician John Fothergill.
1750, Thursday, Another earthquake hit London exactly a month after the one on February 8. This caused great panic and the city was all but deserted on the following April 8th.
1775, Wednesday, Joseph Priestley having discovered oxygen used mice to determine that it was necessary to support life.
1813, Monday, One of the first permanent orchestras in London the Philharmonic Society gave its first concert in Argyll Street. Tin 1823the Society commissioned Beethoven's 9th symphony which had its first performance in 1824..
1813, Monday, One of the first permanent orchestras in London the Philharmonic Society gave its first concert in Argyll Street. The Society commissioned Beethoven's 9th symphony.
1836, Tuesday, Birth of the English physiologist Sir Michael Foster.
1849, Thursday, The first municipal baths and washhouses were opened by the St Martin in the Fields authorities in Orange Street.
1853, Tuesday, Death of the English clockmaker Edward Dent.
1876, Wednesday, The statue of Prince Albert was finally added to the Albert Memorial the delay being due to the death of the sculptor John Foley. The book in Albert's hand is the catalogue of the Great Exhibition of 1851 - NOT the Bible.
1900, Thursday, London rejoiced as Queen Victoria made one of her rare visits to the capital to inspect the damage caused by yesterday's fire.
1907, Friday, The House of Commons threw out a women's suffrage bill.
1913, Saturday, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle asserted that a Channel tunnel linking Britain and France last discussed in Parliament in 1885 could be built in less than three years.
1930, Saturday, Birth of the British politician Douglas Hurd.
1943, Monday, Birth of the English Actress Lynn Redgrave.
1955, Tuesday, Bus crews in London's West Bromwich re-imposed a color bar which had already led to strikes.
1961, Wednesday, Death of the English conductor Thomas Beecham.
1971, Monday, The Daily Sketch newspaper closed after 62 years of publication.
1983, Tuesday, A 1000 note issued in 1935 was sold at Christies for 6800.
1990, Thursday, Police clashed with rioters in Hackney during one of many nationwide protests as local councils set their poll taxes.
1991, Friday, The collapse of International Leisure Group left thousands of British holiday-makers stranded abroad.

9th

1606, Sunday, Birth of the English poet Edmund Waller.
1763, Wednesday, Birth of the English writer reformer and publisher William Cobbett aka Peter Porcupine who wrote political pamphlets and gazettes with a strong radical viewpoint in both England and America.
1799, Saturday, A meeting at the house of the botanist Joseph Banks founded the Royal Institution for "diffusing the knowledge and facilitating the general introduction of useful mechanical inventions and improvements".
1892, Monday, Birth of the English novelist Vita Sackville-West.
1905, Thursday, Birth of the English scholar Peter Quennell.
1912, Saturday, George V laid the foundation stone of County Hall the new London County Council headquarters.
1951, Friday, The House of Commons approved a bill making separation for not less than seven years grounds for divorce.
1971, Tuesday, London Weekend Television appointed a new chief executive after the Independent Broadcasting Authority ruled that Rupert Murdoch could not run both LWT and a national newspaper.

10th

1801, Tuesday, The first census was begun in Britain.
1832, Saturday, At a meeting chaired by Lord Salisbury at the Thatched House tavern in St James's Street the Carlton Club was formed.
1886, Wednesday, Cruft's Dog Show was held in London for the first time since 1859 it had been held in Newcastle.
1906, Saturday, The Baker Street and Waterloo Railway (Bakerloo) line on the undergound opened between Baker Street and Elephant and Castle.
1914, Tuesday, The Suffreagette Mary Richardson weildng a meat cleaver badly damaged the Rokeby Venus by Velasquez in the National Gallery.
1915, Wednesday, Birth of English conductor Sir Charles Groves in London.
1919, Monday, The government was reported to be in favour of a Channel Tunnel.
1920, Wednesday, The House of Commons passed the Home Rule Bill dividing Ireland into two semi-independent parts. The provision for a review of the bitterly opposed partition was later undermined by the British Government.
1931, Tuesday, The Labour party expelled Sir Oswald Mosley after his proposal of a fascist-influenced platform.
1940, Sunday, Britain began meat rationing.
1964, Tuesday, Birth of the Prince Edward Count of Wessex.

11th

1265, Wednesday, The declarations of Henry III and Prince Edward were proclaimed in Westminster Hall. Nine bishops, declared transgressors against the Charters and the statutes made in 1264, were excommunicated. Every freeman was ordered to renew homage and fealty to the king saving all the articles of the peace.
1525, Saturday, To celebrate the Capture of the French king, Francis I, bonfires were lit around the City and each was supplied with a hogshead of wine by the chamberlain. Minstrels sang in the streets and there was great merriment.
1525, Saturday, To celebrate the Capture of the French king, Francis I, bonfires were lit around the City and each was supplied with a hogshead of wine by the chamberlain. Minstrels sang in the streets and there was great merriment.
1682, Saturday, The Royal Chelsea Hospital for soldiers was founded by Charles II.
1702, Wednesday, The first successful English daily newspaper the Daily Courant was published in London. It closed in 1735.
1819, Thursday, Birth of the sugar magnate Sir Henry Tate, Founder of London's Tate Gallery.
1888, Sunday, Birth of the English mathematician William Berwick.
1900, Sunday, Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejected peace overtures from Boer leader Paul Kruger.
1907, Monday, Birth of the English actress Jessie Matthews, London.
1907, Monday, Birth of the British politician Margaret Herbison.
1908, Wednesday, Death of Reverend Benjamin Waugh, British humanitarian and founder of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
1911, Saturday, Birth of the British diplomat, soldier, politician and historian Fitzroy Maclean.
1912, Monday, Birth of the English Scholar Robert Clifford Latham.
1914, Wednesday, The first half-tone newspaper illustration appeared in the Times - a 4 by 3 inch picture of the Rokeby Venus, damaged in an attack by the Suffragette Mary richardson
1920, Thursday, Birth of the British poet and novelist D[ennis] J[oseph] Enright.
1923, Sunday, Birth of the English actor Terry Alexander, in London.
1925, Wednesday, Birth of the recorder of London James Miskin QC.
1927, Friday, Birth of the British trade unionist Ron Todd.
1928, Sunday, Blizzards swept Britain as temperatures in London plunged to minus 9 degrees Centigrade.
1928, Sunday, Birth of the English film director Peter Roger Hunt.
1932, Friday, Birth of the British politician Nigel Lawson.
1950, Saturday, Death of the English civil engineer Sir Ralph Freeman.
1982, Thursday, The Government announced that it would replace Polaris with the Trident II submarine-launched missile system.

12th

1710, Sunday, Birth of the English composer Thomas Arne.
1774, Saturday, One of the highest tides ever recorded for the Thames flooded the entire town of Fulham.
1790, Friday, Birth of the English chemist and meteorologist John Frederic Daniell.
1794, Wednesday, The third Theatre Royal at Drury Lane designed by Henry Holland was opened.
1838, Monday, Birth of the English chemist and inventor Sir William Henry Perkin.
1841, Friday, The first U.S. patent for Starch processing was granted to Londoner Orlando Jones.
1845, Wednesday, Birth of the English silent film actress Mrs Thomas Whiffen [Blanche Galton], in London.
1901, Tuesday, The Whitechapel Art Gallery, financed by John Passmore Edwards and housed in the marvellous art nouveau building designed by C Harrison Townsend, was opened.
1902, Wednesday, A Bill to limit miners' hours to eight a day was defeated on second reading in the House of Commons.
1903, Thursday, The Albery Theatre in St Martin's lane opened as the New Theatre.
1926, Friday, A bill to create the UK Central Electricity Board was published.
1935, Tuesday, A speed limit of 30mph was introduced in British towns and built up areas.
1938, Saturday, Birth of the British politician Norman Hogg.
1958, Wednesday, British Empire Day was renamed "Commonwealth Day".
1970, Thursday, The quarantine period for cats and dogs entering Britain was extended to one year as an anti-rabies move.
1973, Monday, Death of the British ornithologist David Lambert Lack.
1981, Thursday, The Government announced that foreign visitors to be charged for hospital treatment for first time since the National Health Service came into being in 1948.
1988, Saturday, Bank of England pound notes ceased to be legal tender, being replaced by pound coins.
1990, Monday, Death of British cookery writer Jane Grigson.
1994, Saturday, The first female priests of the Church of England were ordained in London.

13th

1619, Saturday, Death of the English actor Richard Burbage, the Father of English theatre.
1733, Tuesday, Birth of the English scientist Joseph Priestley.
1764, Tuesday, Birth of the English Statesman Charles, Earl Grey.
1781, Tuesday, British astronomer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus. It was the first planet to be discovered with the aid of a telescope.
1807, Friday, The Grand Surrey Canal Basin at Rotherhithe was opened. It was the first stage in a grand scheme to link Rotherhite to Epsom, Portsmouth and Southampton by a canal but which was never completed.
1842, Saturday, Death of the English army officer Henry Shrapnel inventor of the battlefield weapon named after him.
1845, Thursday, Death of the English chemist and meteorologist John Frederic Daniell.
1920, Saturday, Death of the English geologist Charles Lapworth..
1931, Friday, Publication of the London Transport Bill which merged the capital's transport services under one body.
1935, Wednesday, Driving tests were introduced in Great Britain.
1940, Wednesday, Birth of the English actor Christopher Gable.
1952, Thursday, BEA introduced the Elizabethan-class Airspeed Ambassador into scheduled service on its London-Paris route.
1987, Friday, Death of the English pianist and accompanist Gerald Moore.
2001, Tuesday, Death of the English actor Norman Rodway.

14th

1811, Thursday, Death of the English Statesman August Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke of Grafton.
1823, Friday, Death of the English admiral John Jervis.
1836, Monday, Birth of the English cookery writer Mrs Isabella Beeton.
1885, Saturday, Gilbert and Sullivan's The Mikado premiered at the Savoy Theatre London.
1915, Sunday, The Sunday Pictorial was launched by Lord Rothermere. It became the Sunday Mirror in 1963.
1930, Friday, The Channel Tunnel Committee approved building a tunnel from England to France.
1933, Tuesday, Birth of the English film actor Michael Caine.
1991, Thursday, In Britain the Birmingham Six were released after the Appeal Court found their conviction in 1974 for IRA pub bombings in Birmingham 'unsafe and unsatisfactory'.

Outside London

8th

1910, Tuesday, The first ever pilot's licences were issued in Paris to an Englishman J T C Moore Brabazon and a Frenchwoman Elise Deroche.
1933, Wednesday, In Britain Sainsbury's shops were selling butter at one shilling a pound eggs at one shilling a dozen and tea at tenpence a pound.
1941, Saturday, Birth of the English historian Norman Stone.
1943, Monday, Birth of the British Television executive Michael Grade.
1974, Friday, Britain returned to a five-day working week.
1983, Tuesday, Death of the English composer Sir William Walton.

9th

1892, Monday, Birth of the English novelist and editor David Garnett.
1895, Saturday, Birth of Scottish soprano Dame Isobel Baillie.
1908, Monday, Death of the English geologist Henry Clifton Sorby.
1950, Thursday, Birth of English pianist and conductor Howard Shelly.
1993, Tuesday, Death of the English writer and historian Cyril Parkinson.

10th

1876, Friday, Alexander Graham Bell made what was in effect the first telephone call. His assistant Thomas Watson located in an adjoining room in Boston heard Bell's voice over the experimental device say to him "Mr. Watson come here. I want you".
1892, Thursday, Birth of English soprano Dame Eva Turner.
1916, Friday, Birth of the Scottish veterinary surgeon and writer James Herriot [James Alfred Wight].
1950, Friday, Death of the Rev. Robert Jardine who had married the Duke of Windsor and Mrs. Simpson against the orders of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1982, Wednesday, A syzygy occurred when all nine planets aligned on the same side of the Sun.

11th

105, Tuesday, Ts'ai Lun, in China, invented paper, made from bamboo, mulberry, and other fibers, along with fish nets and rags.
1885, Friday, Birth of the English speed record holder Malcolm Campbell.
1916, Saturday, Birth of the British politician and Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
1921, Friday, At Oxford, Queen Mary became the first woman awarded a degree from the University when she received an honorary degree.
1927, Friday, Birth of the British cartoonist Raymond Jackson, [Jaki].
1931, Wednesday, Birth of the Australian newspaper proprietor Rupert Murdoch.
1932, Friday, Birth of the English actress Valerie French.
1934, Sunday, Birth of the British politician Keith Speed.
1942, Wednesday, Birth of the English actor Peter Eyre.
1943, Thursday, Birth of English mezzo-soprano Sarah Walker.
1952, Tuesday, Birth of the English writer Douglas Adams (The Hitch-Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy).
1955, Friday, Death of the Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming (discovered penicillin).

12th

604, Thursday, Birth of Pope Gregory, who developed the Gregorian chant.
1626, Sunday, Birth of the English antiquary and author John Aubrey.
1628, Wednesday, Death of the English composer John Bull.
1685, Thursday, Birth of the Irish Mathematician and Philosopher George Berkeley.
1832, Monday, Birth of the English estate factor Charles Boycott whose ostracisation on his Irish estates produced the word "boycott".
1864, Saturday, Birth of the English medical psychologist and anthropologist W. H. R. Rivers.
1871, Sunday, Birth of the English poet Ralph Hodgson - one of the purest lyricists of his time.
1880, Friday, Birth of the English silent film actor House Peters.
1894, Monday, The first bottles of Coca-Cola were marketed by Joseph Biedenham of Vicksburg, Mississipi. The original recipe included cocaine which was not removed until 1905.
1904, Saturday, Britain's first mainline electric train ran from Liverpool to Southport.
1908, Thursday, Birth of the English actor and comedian Max Wall.
1917, Monday, Birth of the English actress Googie Withers in Karachi, India.
1937, Friday, Birth of the Welsh soprano Elizabeth Vaughan..
1941, Wednesday, After a shipwreck, Hebrides islanders hid thousands of bottles of Whiskey from government officials. The episode was celebrated in the film "Whiskey Galore."
1942, Thursday, Death of the English pioneer physicist Sir William Henry Bragg (Nobel 1915).
1948, Friday, Birth of the British politician Virginia Bottomley.
1949, Saturday, Birth of the British politician David Mellor.
1987, Thursday, The Government gave the go-ahead to the Sizewell B nuclear processing plant in Suffolk.

13th

1894, Tuesday, The first public striptease act was performed, by "Yvette" in Paris.
1930, Thursday, American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered the planet Pluto whose existence had been predicted 14 years earlier by English astronomer Percy Lowell.
1957, Wednesday, Death of the English writer and critic John Middleton Murry.

14th

1879, Friday, Birth of the German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein.
1883, Wednesday, Death of the German philosopher Karl Marx.
1915, Sunday, Birth of the English actor Bill Owen.
1925, Saturday, Birth of the English novelist and poet John Barrington Wain.
1940, Thursday, Birth of the English film actress Eleanor Bron.
1942, Saturday, Birth of the English film actress Rita Tushingham.
1946, Thursday, Birth of the English comedian Jasper Carrott.
1946, Thursday, Birth of the English poet Pam Ayres.

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JulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember


 

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