This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Second week of January. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the Second week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.
The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.
Each Section has its own background page which provides additional and in-depth information about many of the events and people in the daily listings. They are intended to both amuse and inform and can be found at Gazette Briefings and Historical Anecdotes .
Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.
1775, Sunday January 8, Death of the printer/type designer John Baskerville.
1842, Saturday January 8, Birth of the novelist Wilkie Collins.
1897, Friday January 8, The magazine Country Life was first published.
1990, Monday January 8, Death of the actor Terry-Thomas.
1414, Tuesday January 9, Led by Sit John Oldcastle, the Lollards had been promised the support of the City in an uprising against the regime of Henry V. They gathered at St Giles' Fields but the City gates remained closed. Oldcastle escaped but 60 of his followers were arrested and hanged.
1581, Monday January 9, Elizabeth I granted Leicester the manors of Great and Little Hampton.
1728, Tuesday January 9, Birth of the Poet Laureate Thomas Warton.
1789, Friday January 9, The Thames had frozen from Putney to Rotherhith and at Shadwell the Frost Fair included the roasting of an ox on the ice and bear baiting.
1799, Wednesday January 9, Prime minister William Pitt the Younger introduced income tax, at two shillings in the pound, to raise funds for the Napoleonic Wars.
1806, Thursday January 9, Nelson was buried beneath the dome of St Paul's cathedral after a grand and solemn procession along the river to Whitehall and thence to the City.
1854, Monday January 9, The first free lending Library opened on Marylebone Road.
1888, Tuesday January 9, The London Financial Guide was launched. It became Financial Times on 13 February.
1642, Monday January 10, Charles I and his family escape from London to Oxford.
1645, Friday January 10, William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury was beheaded for treason.
1806, Friday January 10, The first use of an illustration in the Times provided an image of Nelson's funeral.
1829, Saturday January 10, The Collsseum, a large rotunda displaying a panoramic view of London was opened at Cambridge Gate in Regent's Park.
1838, Wednesday January 10, The second Royal Exchange was destroyed by fire. The bitterly cold weather froze the water from the fire engines and there was little that could be done to save the building.
1839, Thursday January 10, The first tea from India arrived in England.
1840, Friday January 10, The penny post , whereby mail was delivered at a standard charge rather than paid for by the recipient, began. There were six daily deliveries in London.
1863, Saturday January 10, Prime Minister Gladstone opened the first section of the London Underground Railway system, the Metropolitan Line from Paddington to Farringdon Street.
1946, Thursday January 10, The first meeting of the United Nations General Assembly took place at Methodist Central Hall in London.
1957, Thursday January 10, Elizabeth II, after consulting former prime minister Winston Churchill, appointed Harold Macmillan as prime minister.
1992, Friday January 10, An IRA bomb exploded in Whitehall, London, 300 m from Downing Street.
1997, Friday January 10, The Halifax Building Society unveiled a plan for stock market flotation, claiming that the share sale would be the country's largest-ever issue of public shares.
1949, Monday January 10, Vinyl records were launched by RCA (45 rpm) and Columbia (33.3 rpm.
1559, Wednesday January 11, Robert Dudley was appointed Master of the Horse by Elizabeth I.
1569, Tuesday January 11, England's First State Lottery. Tickets were on sale at the West Door of St Paul's.
1709, Tuesday January 11, Colley Cibber's Rival Fools premiered at Drury Lane.
1746, Saturday January 11, Birth of the botanist William Curtis.
1753, Thursday January 11, Death of the physician and naturalist Hans Sloane.
1787, Thursday January 11, William Herschel discovers the moons Titania and Oberon in orbit around Uranus.
1864, Monday January 11, Charing Cross station was opened.
1969, Thursday January 11, Death of the author Richmal Crompton.
1619, Tuesday January 12, The third Banqueting House at Whitehall was destroyed by fire. The building that replaced it still stands today.
1723, Saturday January 12, Premiere of Handel's opera Ottone in London.
1760, Sunday January 12, The Public Ledger was founded. It is the oldest British periodical with continuous daily publication.
1820, Wednesday January 12, The Royal Astronomical Society was founded.
1866, Friday January 12, The Royal Aeronautical Society was founded.
1895, Saturday January 12, The National Trust was founded.
1897, Tuesday January 12, Death of the teacher and inventor of a modern shorthand, Isaac Pitman.
1906, Friday January 12, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet embarked on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the general election.
1960, Tuesday January 12, Death of the novelist Nevil Shute.
1970, Monday January 12, The Boeing 747 aircraft ("Jumbo Jet) touched down at Heathrow Airport at the end of its first transatlantic test flight.
1583, Sunday January 13, The crowded scaffolds at the Bear Garden collapsed, killing eight spectators and injuring many others.
1599, Sunday January 13, Death of the poet Edmund Spenser.
1612, Monday January 13, The Sessions House, known as Hick's Hall, in St John Street, Clerkenwell was opened. It was the first purpose-built courthouse in Middlesex.
1691, Tuesday January 13, Death of George Fox, founder of the Society of Friends.
1893, Friday January 13, The British Independent Labour Party was formed by Keir Hardie.
1917, Saturday January 13, The first British Service flier to make a parachute jump was Captain C F Collett, RFC. He used a Calthorp Guardian Angel for an experimental jump from 600 feet.
1236, Monday January 14, Henry III married Eleanora of Provence.
1253, Tuesday January 14, The priory of Austin Friars at Old Broad Street was founded by Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex.
1437, Monday January 14, The pier supporting the great stone gate on London Bridge collapsed bringing down the arches on either side of it and some houses.
1742, Thursday January 14, Death of the astronomer Edmond Halley.
1792, Sunday January 14, The pantheon (Winter Garden) on Oxford Street was destroyed by fire. It was a night of great frost and magnificent icicles formed upon the ruins.
1904, Thursday January 14, Birth of the photographer and stage designer Cecil Beaton.
1940, Tuesday January 14, Birth of the stage director Trevor Nunn.
1977, Friday January 14, Death of the actor Peter Finch
1993, Thursday January 14, The government pledged to introduce legislation to criminalise invasions of privacy by the press.
794, Wednesday January 8, Lindisfarne was attacked by Vikings.
871, Monday January 8, Ethelred defeated the Danes at Ashdown.
1642, Saturday 8 January, Death of the Italian scientist and astronomer, Galileo Galilei.
1705, Monday January 8, Handel's first opera, Almira, was produced in Hamburg.
1815, Sunday January 8, The Americans, under Andrew Jackson, defeated the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
1824, Thursday January 8, Birth of the zoologist and evolutionist Alfred Russell Wallace.
1886, Friday January 8, The Severn Railway Tunnel, Britain's longest, was opened.
1889, Tuesday January 8, Dr Herman Hollerith patented the first data processing computer, a tabulator, in New York.
1916, Saturday January 8, In World War I, the final withdrawal of Allied troops from Gallipoli took place.
1921, Saturday January 8, David Lloyd George became the first prime minister tenant at Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire.
1942, Thursday January 8, Birth of the populist scientist Stephen Hawking.
1898, Sunday January 9, Birth of the singer Gracie Fields.
1969, Thursday January 9, Concorde made its first trial flight, at Bristol.
1972, Sunday January 9, The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth was destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour.
1972, Sunday January 9, British miners went on strike for the first time since 1926.
1984, Monday January 9, Death of the architect Frederick Gibberd.
1615, Tuesday January 10, Sir Thomas Roe, the first English Ambassador to India, was received at the Mogul Court by the Emperor Jahangir.
1814, Monday January 10, Birth of the Irish poet and writer Aubrey de Vere.
1917, Wednesday January 10, Death of the Wild West entertainer Buffalo Bill in Denver, Colorado.
1920, Saturday January 10, The Treaty of Versailles was ratified, officially ending World War I.
1920, Saturday January 10, The League of Nations held its first meeting in Geneva.
1946, Thursday January 10, First meeting of the United Nations Security council.
1672, Thursday January 11, Isaac Newton was elected a member of the Royal Society.
1693, Sunday 11 January, An Earthquake in Catania, Sicily, killed 60,000 people.
1857, Friday January 11, Birth of the jockey Fred Archer.
1864, Monday January 11, Birth, in the US, of Henry Gordon Selfridge, founder of the London department store.
1896, Saturday January 11, Birth of the spy William Stephenson (Intrepid).
1928, Wednesday January 11, Death of the poet and novelist Thomas Hardy.
1972, Tuesday January 11, Death of the poet Padraic Colum.
1973, Thursday January 11, The Open University awarded its first degrees.
1980, Friday January 11, Nigel Short became the youngest International Master in the history of chess.
1519, Wednesday January 12, Death of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian at Wels.
1583, Saturday January 12, Death of the Duke of Alva in Lisbon.
1729, Sunday January 12, Birth of the author and Ststesman Edmund Burke.
1759, Friday January 12, Death of princess Anne of Hanover.
1976, Monday January 12, Death of the detective-story writer Agatha Christie.
1695, Sunday 13 January, Jonathan Swift was ordained as an Anglican priest in Ireland and given prebend of Kilroot.
1918, Sunday January 13, Birth of the dramatist Ted Willis.
1926, Wednesday January 13, Birth of the children's writer Michael Bond.
1941, Monday January 13, Death of the novelist James Joyce.
1976, Tuesday January 13, Argentina suspended diplomatic ties with Britain over the Falkland Islands.
1898, Friday January 14, Death of the mathematician and author Lewis Carroll.
1900, Sunday January 14, Puccini's opera Tosca was first performed, in Rome.
1914, Wednesday January 14, Henry Ford introduced the assembly line for his Model T automobile.