Welcome to London's History
_HOMEPAGE_TOPICS_DOWNLOADS
    create an account |
_USERACCOUNT_SUBMITNEWS_SHOWTOP  
Theme by www.UserWear.de


Discover the great, the strange, the seedy, the inspired, the criminal and the downright ordinary past of one of the World's Greatest Cities!

SITE MAP




· Home

Modules
· AvantGo
· Downloads
· FAQ
· Members List
· News
· Recommend Us
· Reviews
· Search
· Sections
· Stats
· Topics
· Top List
· Web Links



The Special Sections are only available to registered users. Login or register for free here.
ENGLAND
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London
Updated.




Unreal City, Under the brown fog of a winter dawn, A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many I had not thought death had undone, so many. Sighs, short and infrequent, were exhaled, And each man fixed his eyes before his feet Flowed up the hill and down King William Street, To where St Mary Woolnoth kept the hours With a dead sound on the final stroke of nine.

-- T S Eliot 1922



We have 92 guests and 0 members online

You are an anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here


Historical Anecdotes: S
Posted on Jun 09, 2002 - 03:59 PM by Anthony Waldstock

This is a series of articles that has grown out of the daily listings of what happened "On This Day". Many of the events, particularly those related to science, seemed to us to need some more information than is possible in the daily listing format. Still others had amusing or informative anecdotes associated with them that we felt were worth sharing with our Visitors. The series is designed for browsing and dipping into and we have therefore set up a comprehensive system of links to make this as easy and as enjoyable as possible.

This series of articles will present occasional anecdotal, amusing and factual notes behind the people and events in history digests. People are indexed according to their family or surnames whereas kings, popes, emperors etc. are listed according to their regnal names- e.g. Charles Boycott would be found under B, Pope Gregory under G and Queen Mary Tudor under M. Other items are indexed by the most significant word in the title, for example Artificial Ice will be found under I but Sad Iron will be found under S.
Within the series there are two sets of links. At the top of each page there will be a table of links to the other indexing letters to allow browsing by individual pages. That also appears on this page. At the bottom of each page you will also find a set of links which will allow you to scroll backward (Previous) and forward (next) through the pages. The pages are looped so the "Previous" link from A will be to Z and the "Next" link from Z will be to A. There will also be a central link back to the introduction page whose main content is an alphabetic list of the complete set of entries. From here, you will be able to browse the titles of the individual entries and jump directly to those that interest you.




Links to Entries by Index Letter
[A][B][C][D][E][F][G][H][I][J][K][L][M][N][O][P][Q][R][S][T][U][V][W][X][Y][Z]




Sad Iron

Mrs Potts' Trade Card
In 1871, Mary Florence Potts of Ottumwa, Iowa patented the "Mrs. Potts' sad iron. This was a detachable handle for the then used pressing irons. It enabled a person to heat a number of iron bodies on a stove, using each in turn with one handle. It was widely manufactured and licensed in the U.S. and Europe with advertising featuring her picture. The body of the iron was cast hollow and was later filled with an insulating material, such as plaster of Paris, cement or clay. Mrs. Potts claimed in her patent that this material held the heat longer so that more garments could be ironed without reheating the iron. Three irons, one handle and one stand were sold as a set. This is now a collector's item.

Safety pin
In 1849, the first U.S. patent for a safety pin was issued to Walter Hunt of New York City. Desperately short of cash, he came up wit the idea and within the space of three hours had made a model. When the patent was granted he immediately sold the rights for $400. However, other forms of safety pin existed prior to this patent. On the following 12th of October, a safety pin was independently patented by the Englishman Charles Rowley, who was unaware of Hunt's patent.

Sandwich
John Montague, 4th Earl of Sandwich (1718-1792) was a British politician, inventor and explorer. Captain Cook named the Sandwich Islands - now Hawaii - for him. As first lord of the admiralty (1771-82) during the American Revolution, he was held responsible for the navy's disastrous unpreparedness for war. He died at the battle of Solebay, during the third Anglo-Dutch war when his ship was set on fire by Dutch fireships and eventually sank. He is, however, best remembered as the inventor of the "sandwich". A complete folklore has built up around this but the facts are relatively straightforward. Montagu, in common with many others of his time, was an inveterate gambler and frequented the gaming house of London for long hours at a stretch. He was known in the Gaming Houses as Jemmy Twitcher. Rather than leave the gaming table to eat he had the waiters bring him a piece of meat between two slices of toasted bread to sustain him until the gaming was done. The first occurrence of this time-saving device is noted for 1762. His taste for excitement extended to other areas. He was a member of the secret society founded by Sir Francis Dashwood and known as the Kinghts of St Francis of Wycombe. The group became known as the Mad Monks of Medmenham on account of their obscene cavortings in the ruins of Medmenham Abbey in Buckinghamshire.

Scrabble
Alfred Mosher Butts was an American architect, artist and photographer, who invented the board game Scrabble. He carefully analysed how often each letter is used and this allowed him to determine the "points value" of each. His original game was based on the crossword puzzle and anagrams and originally called Criss Cross. It was launched in 1931 on a hand drawn board and with letters glued onto balsa wood tiles. It was renamed as Scrabble, and marketed by James Brunot in 1948.

William Scoresby
Was an English explorer, scientist and clergyman, born in Whitby, North Yorkshire. He pioneered scientific study in the Arctic and contributed to the knowledge of terrestrial magnetism. Following the advice of Sir Joseph Banks of the Royal Society in London, Scoresby recorded all the natural phenomena that he witnessed on his Arctic voyages. This was the first time that such detailed observations had been made and his drawings and paintings recorded whaling incidents, animals and plants never before seen by Europeans. He drew snowflakes from observations under the microscope, showing for the first time, the hexagonal shapes that have become familiar as a result of his work. He also realized that the colours of the Arctic Sea were due to the presence of plankton. Drawing on his study of terrestrial magnetism, he made improvements to the standard Admiralty compass and eventually all Royal Navy ships were fitted with Scoresby compasses.

Thomas Seymour
Thomas, Lord Seymour of Sudeley, (1508-49) was a member of the historic and ambitious Seymour family which originally came from St Maur in Normandy, from which the name is derived. They obtained lands in Monmouthshire in the 13th century and in the 14th ,thorough marriage to an heiress, at Hatch Beauchamp, in Somersetshire. His sister was Jane Seymour, third wife to Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI. After Henry's death his elder brother, Edward Duke of Somerset, became Lord Protector during Edward's minority. In 1547, Thomas was appointed high admiral of England and married Henry's widow Katharine Parr. During that marriage the Princess Elizabeth lived with them for a time and there were rumours of a dalliance, although nothing was proven. He schemed against his brother in attempting to marry Edward VI to their cousin Lady Jane Grey. After the death of his wife he attempted to marry Elizabeth. This was too good an excuse for Somerset to pass up and he had him committed to the Tower for treason. He was executed on March 20th 1549.

Sir William Napier Shaw
Napier Shaw (1854 - 1945) was an English meteorologist whose introduction of the millibar, a unit of measurement of air pressure, and the tephigram, a graph of temperature changes, made a fundamental contribution to the development of modern meteorology.

Shrapnel
Henry Shrapnel (1761-1842) was an English army officer who invented the shrapnel shell. In 1784, then an obscure lieutenant in the artillery, he began experiments, on his own time and at his own expense, on an antipersonnel weapon that consisted of a hollow spherical projectile filled with shot and an explosive charge and designed to scatter the shot and shell fragments in midair. It was not until 1803, after years of experiment and refinement, that the device was adopted by the Army authorities. Known as the Shrapnel Shell, it was first used in battle in 1804 when the British Fleet seized Surninam from the Dutch.
An early champion was the Duke of Wellington who used it in 1808 and again at the Battle of Waterloo. The Shell contained smallshot or spherical bullets, usually of lead, along with an explosive charge to scatter the shot and the shattered fragments of the shell casing. Each projectile was effectively a shotgun which was fired by means of the time fuse. The result was a cone of bullets which swept an area generally much larger than the area made dangerous by the burst of a high explosive shell of the same calibre. During the Second World War, it was found that the explosive charge fragmented the casing of the Shrapnel shell so effectively that the use of the shrapnel balls was unnecessary. Since then, shrapnel has been used to refer to the actual shell fragments, as well as to fragments of an explosive bomb or mine.
Shrapnel had spent 28 years and several thousand pounds in perfecting the device. Yet, despite personal letters of praise from Wellington and other field Commanders, the British Authorities decided that he merited no personal financial, or other, reward for the invention.

William Smith
Smith (1769-1839) was the English engineer and geologist who developed the science of stratigraphy. This describes the origin, composition, sequence and correlation of geological strata. It forms the basis of historical geology and has practical application in mineral exploration, especially in petroleum industry. Smith's great geological map of England and Wales (1815) set the style for modern geological maps, and many of the names he applied to the strata are still in use today.

Solvay Process
Ernest Solvay (1838-1922) was a Belgian industrial chemist who invented what is now called the Solvay Process 1863. This was the first commercially viable ammonia-soda process for producing soda ash (sodium carbonate) from the bicarbonate. Sodium carbonate is widely used in textile treatment, photography, cleaning, the manufacture of products such as glass and soap and as a food additative. Although A.J. Fresnel had shown in 1811 that sodium bicarbonate could be precipitated from a salt solution containing ammonium bicarbonate, many engineering obstacles had to be overcome. Solvay's successful design involved an 80 foot tall, high-efficiency, carbonating tower in which ammoniated brine trickled down from above and carbon dioxide rose from the bottom. Plates and bubble caps helped create a larger surface over which the two could react to form the sodium bicarbonate.

Starch
In 1841, the first U.S. patent for starch processing (No. 2000) was granted to Orlando Jones of City Road, Middlesex, England. Traditionally, corn was steeped in water for several weeks to separate the starch by a fermentation process, but this had a rather limited yield. Jones' patent described a process which extracted starch from rice and which shortened the production time, increased the yield, and left by-products in a condition suitable for further uses. A hundred pounds of rice were macerated for up to 24 hours in fifty gallons of a caustic alkali solution, which contained about 200 grains of real soda or potash to the gallon. The rice was then washed, drained, milled, sieved, further macerated and settled, yielding a deposit of starch which was drained, washed and dried. The process was later applied to corn. (Corn starch is now used in deodorants, to heal nappy (diaper) rash, and to thicken gravy).

Steamboat
William Symington was a British engineer who, in 1801, developed a successful steam-driven paddle wheel. He used it the following year to propel one of the first practical steamboats. This was the Charlotte Dundas which was commissioned by Lord Dundas and designed for the Forth and Clyde canal. Symington used a piston rod coupled to a crankshaft by a connecting rod, a simple design that went on to become standard for steam ships. The 56-ftCharlotte Dundas successfully underwent trials on the canal and was capable of towing two barges of 70 tons along a 19.5mile stretch of the canal. However, she was abandoned shortly afterwards at the canal company's Tophill depot at Camelon near Falkirk, because of concern that the wake from her stern paddle wheel would damage the canal bank.

Steam turbine
Charles Gordon Curtis (1860-1953) was the U.S. inventor who devised the steam turbine that is widely used in electric power plants and for marine propulsion. He was a patent lawyer for eight years during which career he patented the first U.S. gas turbine in 1899. He patented the Curtis multiple-stage steam turbine in 1896 and sold the rights to General Electric in 1901. The Curtis generator was the most powerful steam turbine in the world and represented a significant advance in the capacity of steam turbines. It required one tenth of space required by the pumps it replaced and was considerably lighter. Its efficiency rating was also extremely high, delivering a high power output but costing much less than contemporary reciprocating steam engine-driven generators of the same output.

Stenotype
In 1876, the stenotype was patented by John C. Zachos of New York City. This was the first U.S. patent for a device which printed legible text in the English alphabet at a high reporting speed, a process he called a "typewriter and phonotypic notation". The type was fixed on eighteen shuttle bars, two or more of which could be simultaneously placed in position. The impression was given by a plunger common to all bars. He called his new system of shorthand "stenophonotypy".

Sunspots
A sunspot is a dark patch on the sun's visible surface (photosphere). It is caused by a localised fall in temperature to about 4,000 degrees Kelvin. (4,273 degrees Celsius). Most spots have a central dark spot (umbra) surrounded by a lighter penumbra. Most spots occur in clusters and last for approximately two weeks. The number of sunspots which are visible fluctuates over an eleven-year cycle - known as the sunspot cycle. The precise cause of the drop in temperature is not known but is thought to result from the presence of intense localised magnetic fields which interfere with the convection currents which bring hot gases to the photosphere. In 1947, the largest sunspot group recorded was observed on the sun's southern hemisphere. Its size was estimated at 7 billion square miles, or an area of 6100 millionths of the Sun's visible hemisphere.

Supermarket Trolley
In 1937, the first supermarket trolleys (shopping carts) were introduced at the Humpty Dumpty supermarket in Oklahoma City. They were invented by the supermarket owner Sylvan Goldman. With the aid of a mechanic, Fred Young, Goldman designed the first shopping cart based on the folding chair. Wheels were placed where the bottoms of the chair legs were. In place of the chair seat, Young and Goldman, stacked two metal baskets on top of each other. This cart could be stored by folding it up like a folding chair. In 1947, Goldman made a big improvement in the design with carts that could be stored by simply nesting one cart into another - the basic design is still in use today.

Syzygy
The term Syzygy is used to describe the situation that occurs when the sun, the moon (or a planet) and the earth are in a straight line. This occurs when the sun and the moon (or a planet) are either in conjunction (on the same longitude as seen from the earth) or in opposition (on the opposite sides of the earth). On March 10th 1982 a Grand Syzygy occurred when all nine planets were aligned on the same side of the Sun. The planets are spread out over 98 degrees on this date. The four major planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, span an arc of some 73 degrees.

Scroll through the series:

PreviousIntroductionNext



 

· More about Historical Anecdotes
· News by Anthony Waldstock


Most read story in Historical Anecdotes:
Historical Anecdotes: A


Historical Anecdotes: S | Login/Create an account | 16 Comments
Threshold
Comments are owned by the poster. We aren't responsible for their content.
comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 03, 2006 - 09:03 AM
cheap actonel paxil and alcohol effexor xr side effects effects niacin side lithium ion battery information on the drug lisinopril neurontin gabapentin plavix side effects reaction depakote gain weight history of anabolic steroid lorazepam withdrawal buy ativan soma carisoprodol fosamax warning cheap xenical celexa weight gain guess hookah buy actonel online seroquel diabetes custom hookah valtrex herpes


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 06, 2006 - 07:06 PM
valtrex and pregnancy dog prednisone claritin d 24 hour generic protonix steroid in baseball lamisil spray cephalexin monohydrate prescription diet pill lithium orotate doxycycline 100mg lamisil 250 actonel side effects steroid use chromax chromium picolinate steroid in sports


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 01, 2006 - 04:56 PM
black jack strategy betting nba tip keno sic bo rule nfl gambling line baseball-odds great bonus betting betting nba ussportsbook.com baseball-lines win jackpot bodog great bonus free bingo roulette black jack craps aces high school keno rule better gambling jacks poker tip internet poker nfl online sports betting keno baseball-lines howto vacation vegas red heeler dog


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 05, 2006 - 01:57 PM
craps rule play roulette bingo game nfl betting odds craps online riverbelle free no deposit better com free jacks pogo free online bingo game bingo supply sports betting better gambling jacks poker tip play keno sic bo online basketball betting nba jacks better video poker bingo card nfl betting line bodog online links play roulette goldenpalace great success free bingo online casino internet casino bodog free no deposit bingo online


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 09, 2006 - 09:24 AM
casino gambling online casino estate las nevada real vegas sic bo magic nfl betting basketball betting nba odds poker game baseball-lines great success bodog tips sic bo casino goldenpalace poker las vegas iron maiden aces high nfl football betting line bingo chips black jack online free poker casino las vegas internet bingo fly aces high internet bingo online casino bo lemon online play sic virtual gambling


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 13, 2006 - 03:47 AM
efectin er hycodan hycomine order xanax levitra endocet meprospan accutane fluoxetine prozac anexsia buy phentermine phentermine online buy online renova roxiprin bontril online percocet vanadom dicodid wellbutrin side effects benzphetamine re nova xanax fluoxetine prozac


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 21, 2006 - 10:13 PM
wellbutrin xl side effects generic zoloft buy percocet online meridia zyrtec 10mg buy lortab online lisinopril medication nicotine anonymous cheap diet pill fosamax news lamictal bipolar cheap soma singulair medicine celexa and pregnancy lipitor grapefruit generic plavix


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 08, 2006 - 07:44 AM
buspar information doxycycline 100mg buy prevacid drug lipitor yasmin birth control gain prozac weight prevacid side effects lamictal rash picture prevacid lansoprazole cheap ultram cozaar side affect information altace buspar side effects effects of seroquel levaquin dosage


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 14, 2006 - 07:13 PM
ativan withdrawal symptom propecia baldness coumadin and food chromium picolinate skin tag information on clomid generic ambien effexor buy lortab yasmin bleath lamisil klonopin side effects tamiflu side effects valtrex diazepam drug steroid in sports paxil withdrawal symptom generic diovan


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 28, 2006 - 04:14 PM
bar xanax clonazepam side effects medication topamax acetaminophen codeine anime quiz chromium picolinate cartoon huevo morphine side affect flonase coupon manga porn lesbian japanese manga porn hardcore anime lamisil side effects tamiflu side effects cartoon sex story progesterone level in pregnancy anime sex liquid glucosamine valium


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 05, 2006 - 04:43 AM
merck fosamax zocor lamisil tablet anime sex cartoon free porn cartoon ***** buy alprazolam calcium supplement allegra allergy medication lesbian hentai augmentin 875 klonopin withdrawal one piece manga hentai buy bontril order tramadol zoloft weight gain diazepam effects


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 18, 2006 - 03:42 AM
xenical review withdrawal from xanax online xanax buy cialis viagra buy canada in viagra drug valium accutane acne treatment viagra pharmacy ccbasket phentermine buy online viagra liquid melatonin snorting xanax side effects zoloft common side effects information on carisoprodol drug prescription ultram dosage of xanax xr metformin glucophage order xenical


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 01, 2006 - 05:10 PM
Buy zoloft Buy claritin Buy lamictal Buy prednisone Buy aciphex Buy steroid Buy trazodone Buy glucophage Buy fosamax Buy effexor Buy protonix Buy ephedrine Buy zyprexa Buy tobacco Buy paxil Buy dietpill Buy synthroid


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 08, 2006 - 04:39 AM
tramadol and acetaminophen prescription tramadol cheap tramadol cod buy cod tramadol tramadol hcl 50 mg tab tramadol hcl 50 mg tab 50mg hcl tab tramadol tramadol online discount cheap buy cheap online tramadol buy now tramadol cod overnight tramadol 180 tramadol dog effects side tramadol cod overnight tramadol drug hydrochloride risk tramadol


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 14, 2006 - 03:38 PM
cr ultram buy lexapro ultram 50 mg cheap discount online tramadol Buy adderall drug test ultram effects medication side tramadol er recall ultram Buy cozaar Buy niacin 100 tramadol tramadol and acetaminophen ultram during pregnancy Buy tobacco buy fioricet Buy diovan prescription drug ultram Buy amoxicillin Buy risperdal abuse tramadol


comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 21, 2006 - 03:37 AM
medicine ultram drug prescription tramadol tramadol 50mg buy generic ultram viagra best buy klonopin overdose levitra uk buy tramadol purchase levitra buy tramadol hcl acyclovir and indication buy levitra percocet overdose herbal alternative viagra ultram tablet



© 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. Unless otherwise indicated, all written material on the storyoflondon site is the copyright of Bill McCann. All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters.

Google
 
Web www.storyoflondon.com

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This European History Site
is owned by
storyoflondon

If you would like to join this ring
Click Here

[Prev 5][Prev][Next][Random][Next 5] [List]

This web site was made with PostNuke, a web portal system written in PHP. PostNuke is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL license.
You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php