Welcome to London's History
    create an account |
Theme by www.UserWear.de

Discover the great, the strange, the seedy, the inspired, the criminal and the downright ordinary past of one of the World's Greatest Cities!


· Home

· AvantGo
· Downloads
· Members List
· News
· Recommend Us
· Reviews
· Search
· Sections
· Stats
· Topics
· Top List
· Web Links

The Special Sections are only available to registered users. Login or register for free here.
Samuel Pepys
Elizabeth I
London's Underworld
Fleet Marriages.
The Cries of London

The happiness of :London is not to be concceived but by those who have been in it. I will venture to say that there is more learning and science within the circumference of ten miles from where we now sit than in all the rest of the kingdom.

-- Samuel Johnson, 1769

We have 94 guests and 0 members online

You are an anonymous user. You can register for free by clicking here

The Case of Richard Hunne
Posted on Dec 03, 2003 - 03:31 AM by Bill McCann

The Lollards were an English sect who followed the teachings of John Wyclif who had made the first English translation of the Bible in the 14th century. They were active throughout the 15th century but by the reign of Henry VIII had almost become a spent force. However, this did not stop the church and King from using the accusation of Lollardy as a useful method of ridding themselves of those who opposed them.

he tenets of Lollardy strongly pre-figured some of the doctrines of the Reformation but the young Henry VIII was a staunch Catholic and vehemently opposed all 'Protestant' heresies. The title "Defender of the Faith", which is still used by the present British Monarch, was granted to Henry by Pope Clement VII in 1524 as a reward for his brilliant tract demolishing the doctrines of Martin Luther.

The Lollards were followers of John Wyclif who had flourished in the 14th century and who was responsible, in 1396, for the production of the first ever bible in the English language. He began by criticising the Church's wealth and the secular lifestyles of many of its priests and prelates. He gradually developed an argument against the influence of the Church in temporal affairs and an affirmation that a close study of the Bible, in the vernacular, without the Church as an intermediary, was the surest way for the ordinary person to approach God.

This, of course, was heresy and Crown and Church committed many Lollards to the fires of Smithfield through the 15th and early 16th centuries. In this period, the "Lollard's Tower" (originally a water tower) at Lambeth Palace was used to imprison those accused of this heresy. The Bishop of London also had his prison, within the precincts of St. Paul's Cathedral and this is also sometimes referred to, erroneously, as the "Lollard's Tower".

Lollards in London emphasised the spiritual aspects of the heresy rather than the anti-clerical. It appears also that towards the end of the 15th and early in the 16th century the London Lollards saw themselves as the organizing centre of Lolllardy throughout southern Enlgand. It also seems that it had penetrated the governing class of the City guilds and to have been concentrated on Coleman Street.

Richard Hunne was a wealthy Merchant Tailor in the City of London. When his child died he challenged the right of the parish priest at the funeral to take the child's robe as a "mortuary." (A mortuary was a customary "gift" claimed by the incumbent of a parish from the estate of a deceased parishioner.) Naturally, the priest refused to acknowledge the challenge and Richard, who was known for his "burning preoccupation with, and hatred of the abuses of ecclesiastical courts," brought a case against the priest before a civil court.

The ecclesiastics were outraged that what was clearly a Church matter was dragged before a secular court. They decided at once that attack was the best form of defence and the Bishop ordered a search of Richard's house - on the, then, perfectly legal grounds of suspicion of heresy. It did not take them long to find his English Bible with its Wyclif-inspired prologue. This was enough and Richard was immediately charged with heresy before the Bishop's court. A guilty verdict was a foregone conclusion and he was confine to the bishop's prison in St Paul's to await the court's sentence of what "penance" he should undergo.

A few days later he was found strangled in his cell. There was a huge outbreak of public indignation when the news of his death was broadcast. The Inns of Court, effectively the only university in London at the time, took up the case. The common lawyers of the Inns mounted the first overt lay challenge to the ecclesiastical lay establishment. They indicted the bishop's chancellor and sumner (summoning officer) for murder.

Their guilt was so widely assumed that the bishops appealed to Henry VIII to suppress, or at least postpone, the trial. For the first they argued the London Juries were so prejudiced against the church that they would gladly invert justice and go so far as to proclaim Abel guilty of the murder of Cain. For the second they appealed for time to consult with Rome and the propriety of clergy being subject to the jurisdiction of the civil courts.

This last had been a contentious point since the days of Henry II, in whose disagreements with Thomas a Becket it figured highly. Henry VII was a true descendant. His reply to the bishops was succinct and unyielding:

"By the permission and ordinance of God we are King of England: and Kings of England in past times never had any superior but God only. Therefore, know you well, that we will maintain the right of our crown, and of our temporal jurisdiction, as well in this as in all other points, in as ample a manner as any of our predecessors have done before our time."
With such royal encouragement, the civil jury, had no compunction in finding the pair guilty of murder. Henry formally pardoned them so that they did not face the scaffold, but he ordered them to pay the enormous fine of 1,500 to the Hunne family. When the family applied for his body so that they might give it a decent burial, they were refused. Richard had been condemned as a heretic and could not, therefore, receive a Christian burial. Instead, a fortnight after his murder, his body was take to Smithfield and ritually burned as an heretic.


The following books provide useful additional background.

Trevelyan, G M, England in the Age of Wycliffe, Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1909.
Matthews, W R & Atkins, W M , A History of St Paul's Cathedral, John Baker, London, 1964.
Cross, C,Church and people 1450-1660, Fontana/Collins, London, 1976.
Youings, J, Sixteenth-Century England, Penguin, London, 1984.
Heath, P, Church and Realm 1272-1461, Fontana Press, London 1988.

Site Map


· More about London's History
· News by Bill McCann

Most read story in London's History:
Elizabethan England: The Social Classes

The Case of Richard Hunne | Login/Create an account | 21 Comments
Comments are owned by the poster. We aren't responsible for their content.
comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 03, 2006 - 04:31 PM
loss topamax weight ritalin picture propecia online diabetes mellitus metformin acetaminophen effects hydrocodone side levaquin side affect opiate drug oxycodone lithium side effects flonase information glucophage depo provera birth control shot cheap actonel lithium carbonate soma phentermine and glucophage zyprexa escitalopram

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 06, 2006 - 06:33 AM
clonazepam overdose flonase dosage lamictal medication cheap actonel cephalexin 500 mg information on cephalexin online prilosec plavix medication claritin reditabs buy phentermine online levaquin 500 cheap fluoxetine prevacid naprapac 500 vicodin online valtrex and pregnancy buy zoloft adderall addiction rapid opiate detox

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 07, 2006 - 12:37 PM
claritin coupon prevacid solutab ultram er yasmin ahmad oxycontin withdrawal lithium side effects flush free niacin plavix lisinopril hctz tramadol ultram aciphex rebate watson soma paxil steroid in baseball benefit of chromium picolinate meridia order amoxicillin rash acetaminophen e hydrocodone lorazepam prevacid side effects percocet withdrawal depro provera neurontin use glucophage pcos effexor xr withdrawal effects prednisone side buspar xanax risperdal side effects effexor plavix alternative

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 08, 2006 - 04:36 AM
meridia order tamiflu generic tylenol 3 protonix drug low progesterone fosamax lawsuit neurontin use effexor xr and weight gain depakote sprinkles buspar withdrawal vioxx class action buy valtrex clonazepam withdrawal buspar dividose buy clonazepam discount tramadol doxycycline and alcohol buy online xanax clonazepam anxiety norvasc 5 mg cephalexin 500mg liquid glucosamine prilosec otc side effects

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 09, 2006 - 01:01 PM
amoxicillin alcohol aciphex buy cheap valtrex effexor xr and weight gain nicotine test generic wellbutrin allegra side effects lamisil side effects smoking tobacco lisinopril medicine buy avandia percocet addiction drug prozac atenolol and chlorthalidone prilosec otc side effects fluoxetine 20mg flush niacin effects prednisone opiate detox doxycycline and alcohol vioxx celebrex protonix 40mg paxil withdrawal symptom lortab addiction drug lipitor klonopin anxiety bayvasile

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 10, 2006 - 12:01 AM
clonazepam picture adderall effects side xr celexa side effects neurontin and depression flonase generic naproxen information claritin reditabs clonazepam drug niacin pass test lortab addiction child claritin valium without prescription natural progesterone cream adderall buy online klonopin anxiety generic oxycontin picture hair loss propecia lipitor muscle pain adderall addiction cozaar medical side effects buy lortab online clonazepam information adderall effects side xr lamisil cream hydrocodone singulair side affect bayvasile

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 12, 2006 - 03:30 PM
order vicodin ambien rx buy valium online generic altace clonidine adhd zocor side affect buy ambien zyrtec onlinetylenol 3 osteonecrosis and fosamax oxycontin acetaminophen e hydrocodone drug prozac buy valium benefit of chromium picolinate allegra side effects fosamax news bayvasile

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Jul 30, 2006 - 12:55 AM
free bingo ### online black jack ### poker chips ### online casino gambling ### nfl online sports betting baseball-odds play free lucky-nugget great chance ### best online casino winning strategy for baseball-lines ### betting nba tip bodog payment bodog play free ### goldenpalace popup ### bodog payment aces high 2 goldenpalace feel lucky ### baccarat online ### jack black ###

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 05, 2006 - 06:51 AM
online roulette nfl gambling red heeler dog baccarat online gambling free online bingo game black jack strategy baccarat jewelry nfl gambling pick baseball-lines great success goldenpalace play free casino roulette free sic bo download play poker lucky-nugget feel lucky baseball-odds great success poker game baseball-lines play free baseball-lines great chance baseball-odds play free free casino game bingo card casino black jack aces high lyric bingo card play sic bo poker table bo lemon online play sic

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 07, 2006 - 01:53 AM
riverbelle flash casino estate las nevada real vegas baseball-lines great chance strip poker how to play craps goldenpalace net goldenpalace net baccarat jewelry black jack game casino roulette nfl online sports betting horse betting bo review sic worldssp.net baccarat crystal play baccarat sic bo online goldenpalace casino ultimate roulette system mlb-betting win jackpot fly aces high sic bo magic mlb-betting free no deposit free online craps better gambling jacks poker tip football gambling nfl online riverbelle win money gambling craps

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 07, 2006 - 03:25 AM
baseball-odds play free play keno riverbelle online baseball-lines win jackpot free casino baccarat online iron maiden aces high red dog betting line nba online poker play keno bodog great bonus poker game baseball-lines great success nfl gambling line red dog sic bo online lucky-nugget win cash nfl gambling pick online roulette gambling

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 07, 2006 - 05:59 AM
baseball-lines great success baccarat online gambling play black jack sports betting internet casino nfl sports betting baccarat jewelry ace high name tattoo ultimate roulette system online casino casino royale riverbelle casino nfl betting pick free roulette roulette strategy sports gambling online betting casino baccarat

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 09, 2006 - 01:32 AM
popup riverbelle bet betting nba sports ussportsbook.com football gambling nfl online play baccarat bodog great bonus jacks better video poker free gambling casino game online casino video poker casino gambling baccarat game internet gambling better handheld jacks toy popup riverbelle baseball-lines feel lucky baccarat crystal burt baccarat bingo online internet casino baseball-lines win cash play keno nfl betting baccarat online baseball-lines best resources online roulette

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 12, 2006 - 12:52 PM
sic bo magic flash riverbelle strip poker black jack gambling play keno for free nfl sports betting black jack online basketball betting nba free casino game online casino gambling baseball-lines howto gambling craps better handheld jacks poker game lucky-nugget win cash lucky-nugget great success play sic bo online betting keno game casino baccarat mlb-betting online links online nfl betting best online casino play bingo baseball-lines tips show vegas play baccarat

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 13, 2006 - 01:43 AM
anexsia adipex fortamet serlift neuramate xenical online diapam vardenafil fluoxetine acetaminophen equanil combunox ambien effects side didrex shortage roxicet chlordiazepoxide hcl dependence hydrocodone tramadol adipex-p vicodin efexor depot over the counter xenical didrex online accutane lawyer proscar efectin er riomet ambien effects side phentermine online

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Aug 29, 2006 - 10:12 AM
lorazepam overdose information on clomid vioxx side effects zyrtec d side effects valtrex tenuate zocor diethylpropion tenuate fosamax jaw problem cheap zocor hydrocodone and ibuprofen atenolol 50mg prevacid lansoprazole ativan withdrawal valium order lipitor cheap tramadol lortab addiction order flonase prozac

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 08, 2006 - 04:45 AM
neurontin lawsuit risperidone risperdal amoxicillin used for seroquel lawsuit glucosamine arthritis order effexor xr diet pill buy ambien clomid infertility plavix side affect norvasc drug nicotine niacin trazodone provera 10mg

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Sep 21, 2006 - 03:43 AM
sailor moon manga manga hentai porn claritin coupon chromium picolinate skin tag young hentai naproxen sodium side effects buy simvastation zocor depression topamax topamax cartoon gay sex baby anime inuyasha manga cartoon clip sex acetaminophen dragonball z hentai erotic anime order phentermine cartoon lesbian

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Oct 11, 2006 - 01:13 PM
order cialis phentermine online ordering phentermine prescription drug prozac nation grapefruit xanax ultram ingredient best price viagra buy easy viagra phentermine success story phentermine pill metformin glucophage buying online story viagra buy in online uk viagra adipex cheap phentermine doctor effects side ultram

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 21, 2006 - 12:08 AM
acyclovir topical canine tramadol buy hydrocodone buy cheap online ultram ambien amnesia tramadol free shipping cheap order tramadol phentermine meridia buying fioricet tramadol dosage for dog ambien hallucinations hydrocodone dosing ultram hydrocodone apap 5500 buy link multiwebcz tramadol yosef tramadol dog is ultram a controlled substance

comment (Score: 0)
by Anonymous on Nov 27, 2006 - 11:37 AM
xanax bar mexico prescription xenical cheap levitra buy levitra buy levitra uk xenical online cheap xanax used for tramadol sale buy xenical xanax prescription tramadol dog tramadol 50mg compare levitra viagra buy cheapest online xenical over the counter xenical xanax and grapefruit carisoprodol cod xenical coupon carisoprodol 350

© 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. Unless otherwise indicated, all written material on the storyoflondon site is the copyright of Bill McCann. All logos and trademarks in this site are property of their respective owner. The comments are property of their posters.

Web www.storyoflondon.com

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This site is a member of WebRing.
To browse visit Here.

This European History Site
is owned by

If you would like to join this ring
Click Here

[Prev 5][Prev][Next][Random][Next 5] [List]

This web site was made with PostNuke, a web portal system written in PHP. PostNuke is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL license.
You can syndicate our news using the file backend.php