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A London Chronology: The Tenth Century
Posted on Jun 17, 2002 - 03:03 AM by Bill McCann

This series of articles presents a basic chronology of London but will also contain references to national events where these are important in the development of the London area. Wherever possible, the precise dates and days of the week on which the events here recorded took place are noted. The series is an organic one and will change frequently as new events or dates are extracted from our sources.

You can either jump to the chronology for a specific century using the following table of links or scroll through the centuries sequentially by following the links at the bottom of the page.

Visit Specific Centuries

[43-500 AD][501-800]
[801-900] [901-1000] [1001-1100] [1101-1200]
[1201-1300] [1301-1400] [1401-1500] [1501-1600]
[1601-1700] [1701-1800] [1801-1900] [1901-2000]

The tenth Century

King Edgar being rowed on the river Dee by 8 tributary princes

943/44-Birth of Eadgar.
904 -There was a Lunar eclipse this year
905 Sunday October 20A comet appeared in the heavens.
910 -Edward and Aethelflaed begin the campaign to reconquer the Danelaw. It is complete by 920.
910 Monday August 6thThe English defeat the Danes at Tettenhall.
911 -Edward the Elder takes control of London.
919 -The Norse kingdom of York is founded by Raegnald.
924 -Edward the Elder is succeeded by his younger son Aethelstan.
926 -Theodred becomes Bishop of London.
927 -The Aurora Borealis is visible in the northern skies.
935 -TheJudicia Civitatis Lundoniae is established.
935 -London has its first recorded portreeve, either Alfeah Stybb or Brithnoth Oddason.
937-Aethelstan defeats the Norse, the Scotti (Irish) and the Strathclyde Welsh at Brunanburgh.
939Tuesday October 27Aethelstan dies and is succeeded by his son Edmund.
940-Dunstan begins the re-foundation of Glastonbury as a regular monastic house.
946-Edmund is assassinated and is succeeded by Eadred.
949-First mention of Billingsgate.
951-Charter of Edgar defines the boundaries of the jurisdiction of the Abbey of Westminster. This Charter also includes the first reference to the church of St Andrew Holborn.
951-9-The river above Holborn bridge acquires the name "Holeburne", the river in the hollow, because of the steepness of the river banks in this area.
952 -Eric Bloodaxe regains York from Olaf.
953-Brythelm becomes Bishop of London.
954-The last King of York, Eric Bloodaxe, is driven out by the Northumbrians.
955-Eadred dies at the Royal Palace in Frome and is succeeded by his elder nephew, the fifteen-year old Edwig in Wessex.
His younger nephew Eadgar is Prince of Mercia and Northumberland.
955-Edwig leaves the coronation banquet to be with his intended queen, Elgifu, and her mother. An outraged Dunstan and another prelate forcibly drag him back to the table.

Dunstan demands that Edwig return to the coronation banquet.

956-Dunstan was banished from the kingdom. He went to the monastery of Blandinium in Ghent.
959-Edwig dies and Eadgar adds Wessex to his dominion.
959-Dunstan is recalled and becomes Bishop of London.
960-Aelfstan becomes Bishop of Londonwhen Dunstan is translated to Canterbury.
961-A double misfortune hit London this year. A severe pestilence ravaged the citizens and was followed by the First Great Fire which destroyed much of the City including St Paul's.
970-TheRegularis Concordia, the Agreement concerning the Rule followed by the monks and nuns of the English Nation was published. It introduced many of the continental reforms into the monastic life in England.
973Sunday May 11Eadgar is crowned as King of England and Lord (Emperor) of Britain at Bath. He receives the submission of the British princes.
975Wednesday July 18Eadgar dies suddenly and is succeeded by his elder son, the fifteen-year old Eadward II.
978-Queenhithe is rebuilt and called Aethelredshythe. The survival of the Roman riverside wall to this date is mentioned.
979Monday March 18Eadward (The Martyr) is murdered at Corfe castle by retainers of his young half-brother who succeeds him as Aethelred II (The Unready).
980-The Danes renew their attacks on London.
982-The Second Great Fire destroys London.
990-First mention of the husting of London.
991-The Danes defeat Alderman Brythnoth and the Essex levies at Maldon. A treaty is made between England and Normandy.
992-The English fleet collects in London Pool. Bishop Aelfstan is named as one of the Admirals.
994Saturday September 8A fleet of ninety four Danish ships under Olaf Tryggvesson and Sweyn Forkbeard attack London but are repulsed by the Londoners. This is the First Siege of London.
995-A Comet appeared in the heavens
996-Wulfstan becomes Bishop of London.
1000-Charter of Ethelred II draws the boundary of the jurisdiction of the Abbey of Westminster some distance to the west of that drawn by Edgar. The present City boundary would fit the wording of these limits and there is no evidence of any later changes.

The murder of Eadward at Corfe castle in 978.

Scroll through the centuries

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