This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Final week of September. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.
The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.
The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.
Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.
1515, Monday September 22, Birth of Anne of Cleves, the 4th wife of Henry VIII.
1598, Friday September 22, Ben Jonson was indicted for the killing of Gabriel Spencer in a duel in Hoxton Fields.
1735, Monday September 22, Sir Robert Walpole became the first prime minister to occupy 10 Downing Street.
1791, Monday September 22, Birth of the English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday.
1880, Wednesday September 22, Birth of the English suffragette Christabel Pankhurst.
1931, Tuesday September 22, Birth of the British author Fay Weldon.
1955, Thursday September 22, Independent TV began operating. It introduced Britain's first television advertisement and first woman newsreader.
1987, Tuesday September 22, Death of the English pianist Louis Kentner.
1989, Friday September 22, An IRA bomb attack on the Royal Marines School of Music killed ten and injured twelve of the bandsmen.
1997, Monday September 22, Death of the English painter and sculptor Bryan Ingham.
1459, Sunday September 23, Battle of Blore Heath saw a resumption of the "Wars of the Roses" between Yorkists and Lancastrians..
1518, Thursday September 23, Henry VIII granted a charter to the Royal college of Physicians. The college had sole power to licence physicians in london and for seven miles around.
1851, Tuesday September 23, Mary Callinack, aged 85, arrived in London to see the Great exhibition. She had walked all the way from Cornwall carrying her belongings on her head and had 5 d left out of her savings. She was met by the Lord Mayor, William hunter, who gave her a sovereign for the return journey.
1889, Monday September 23, Death of the English novelist Wilkie Collins.
1939, Saturday September 23, Death of the Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud.
1940, Monday September 23, The George Cross and the George Medal for civilian acts of courage were instituted.
1974, Monday September 23, The world's first Ceefax teletext service was begun by the BBC.
1996, Monday September 23, London police raided several suspected IRA hideouts across the city, seizing around 10 tons of home made explosives and killing one suspected IRA member.
1621, Thursday September 24, Nathaniel Butter published a translation of Dutch corante, first English language newspaper.
1717, Tuesday September 24, Birth of the English writer Horace Walpole, 4th Earl of Orford.
1802, Friday September 24, A cricket match held at London Fields Hackney had the very substantial prize money of 500 Guineas ( 24136.70 today). It was won by the eleven gentlemen of Clapton who beat the eleven gentlemen of London Fields by an innings and 49 runs.
1882, Sunday September 24, Quintin Hogg opened his Regent Street Polytechnic.
1888, Monday September 24, The Royal Court Theatre moved into is new premises in Sloane Square.
1917, Monday September 24, A Zeppelin dropped a 50 kg bomb outside the Bedford Hotel in Southampton Row killing 13 and injuring 26 people.
1930, Wednesday September 24, English dramatist No l Coward's Private Lives was first staged in London.
1066, Monday September 25, Harald II defeated the King of Norway, Harald Hardrada, at the Battle of Stamford Bridge.
1586, Sunday September 25, Mary Stuart was taken to Fotheringhay for her trial and eventual execution.
1660, Tuesday September 25, Samuel Pepys drinks his first cup of tea.
1680, Saturday September 25, Death of the English writer Samuel Butler.
1818, Friday September 25, The first blood transfusion using human blood, as opposed to earlier attempts with animal blood, took place at Guy's Hospital in London.
1864, Sunday September 25, The First International, which Karl Marx helped to convene, was held at the rebuilt St Martin's Hall on Long Acre.
1888, Tuesday September 25, The Royal Court Theatre, in Sloane Square, opened.
1927, Sunday September 25, Birth of the English conductor Sir Colin Davis.
1964, Friday September 25, The Daily Telegraph magazine was launched.
1829, Saturday September 26, In the grounds of the Foundling hospital the first dress parade of the Metropolitan Police was held. The 1,000 first recruits were read their terms, conditions and obligations and were then sworn in.
1850, Thursday September 26, The first stretch of the North London Line, from Islington to Bow, was opened.
1871, Tuesday September 26, The first Wandsworth Bridge was opened. Designed by J H Tolme, it was a lattice girder construction.
1888, Wednesday September 26, Birth of the British poet and playwright T S Eliot.
1915, Sunday September 26, Death of the Labour Party co-founder James Keir Hardie.
1953, Saturday September 26, Sugar rationing in Britain came to an end.
1955, Monday September 26, Frozen Birdseye fish fingers first went on sale in Britain.
1984, Wednesday September 26, Britain agreed to transfer full sovereignty of Hong Kong to China in 1997.
1556, Sunday September 27, Henry VIII's conversion of Westminster Abbey into a cathedral with its own bishop was reversed by Mary I and the Benedictine monks were allowed to return.
1664, Tuesday September 27, The earl of St Alban's opened the three-day St. James' Market at the south end of Jermyn Street. The market building was not completed until 1666. St. James's Fair, which used to run for 15 days outside St. James' Palace was transferred to the market site but this does not appear to have been a success.
1792, Monday September 27, Birth of the English caricaturist and illustrator George Cruikshank.
1801, Sunday September 27, The Weekly Dispatch was launched. It became the Sunday Dispatch in 1928 and ceased publication in 1961.
1876, Wednesday September 27, The Grocers Company opened a new Middle Class School at Hackney Downs designed to serve "that class who desire to educate their children up to the age of 14 or thereabouts.".
1880, Monday September 27, The Corporation of London opened the Guildhall School of Music in a warehouse at Aldermanbury.
1938, Saturday September 27, The 80,000-ton liner Queen Elizabeth was launched by the Queen Mother.
1948, Monday September 27, Birth of the English actress Michele Dotrice.
1968, Friday September 27, The musical Hair, which took advantage of the end of British stage censorship by including a scene cast in the nude, had its first London performance.
1979, Thursday September 27, Death of the English singer and comedienne Gracie Fields.
1599, Friday September 28, Essex returned from his campaign in Ireland in disgrace.
1745, Saturday September 28, At the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, God Save the King, the British national anthem, was sung in a public place for the first time. It was fist sung by the singer and composer, Henry Carey, as his own composition, in 1740 at a dinner to celebrate the British Victory at Portobello. It has never been officially declared the national Anthem by Proclamation or Act of parliament. A work of the same name by John Bull, 1619, has different music.
1865, Thursday September 28, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson became the first qualified woman physician in Britain.
1894, Friday September 28, Simon Marks and Tom Spencer opened their Penny Bazaar in Manchester, the first of what would become a nation-wide chain of stores.
1916, Thursday September 28, Birth of the English film actor Peter Finch.
1917, Friday September 28, Birth of the English dancer Michael Soames.
1973, Friday September 28, Death of the English poet W H Auden.
1992, Saturday September 28, Death of the British playwright William Douglas-Home.
1399, Monday September 29, The first English monarch to abdicate, Richard II, was replaced by Bolingbroke who ascended the throne as Henry IV.
1564, Saturday September 29, Robert Dudley was created Earl of Leicester by Elizabeth the First.
1599, Saturday September 29, The Archbishop of Canterbury, John Whitgift, established almshouses for 28 men and women in Croydon. The modern development of shops and offices known as the Whitgift centre now occupies the site.
1613, Wednesday September 29, Hugh Myddleton s "New River" water supply for London was opened. Sixty labourers, in their Sunday best, marched in procession round the pond whilst their spokesman recited a poem in honour of those who had brought about this miracle. The floodgates were then thrown open and "the streame ranne gallantly into the cistern drummes and trumpets sounding in triumphal manner, and a brave peal of chambers (cannon) gave full issue.".
1758, Tuesday September 29, Birth of the English admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson.
1792, Saturday September 29, The Catholic church of St Patrick, Soho Square was consecrated.
1829, Tuesday September 29, The first regular police force in London was inaugurated as the first members of the Metropolitan Police went on duty. They became known as 'bobbies' and 'Peelers' after Robert Peel, the home secretary who founded them.
1889, Monday September 29, Emma Cons opened Morley College at the back of the Old Vic to offer classes to the local poor. It continued in the theatre building until 1924.
1935, Sunday September 29, Death of the English novelist Winifred Holtby.
1956, Saturday September 29, Birth of the English athlete and politician Sebastian Coe.
1959, Tuesday September 29, Death of the British cartoonist Bruce Bairnsfather.
1598, Saturday September 30, Edmund Spenser was appointed Sheriff of Cork, Ireland. Whilst there he wrote his famous Faerie Queene .
1772, Sunday September 30, Death of the British canal engineer James Brindley.
1788, Saturday September 30, Birth of the English field-marshal Lord Raglan.
1840, Wednesday September 30, The adapted Princess's Bazaar, a shopping Mall, was re-opened as the Princess's Theatre at 73 Oxford Street. Charles Kean took over the management in 1850 and turned it into one of London's leading drama houses.
1888, Sunday September 30, Jack the Ripper murdered two more women Liz Stride, found behind 40 Berner Street, and Kate Eddowes in Mitre Square, both in the East End.
1923, Sunday September 30, Birth of the British actress Deborah Kerr.
1928, Sunday September 30, Alexander Fleming announced his discovery of penicillin.
1943, Thursday September 30, Death of the British crime writer Richard Austin Freeman.
1967, Saturday September 30, BBC Radio One went on the air.
1987, Wednesday September 30, Keith Best, MP, was sentenced to four months in prison for trying to obtain British Telecom shares by deception.
1792, Wednesday September 22, France was declared a Republic.
1869, Wednesday September 22, Wagner's opera Das Rheingold was first performed in Munich.
1914, Tuesday September 22, Three British cruisers, Aboukir, Hogue, and Cressy, were torpedoed and sunk by German U-boats.
63 BCE, Friday September 23, Birth of the 1st Roman Emperor Augustus.
1846, Wednesday September 23, The German astronomer Johann Galle discovered the planet Neptune.
1848, Saturday September 23, Chewing gum was first commercially produced in the USA by John Curtis in his home, and was called 'State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum'.
1870, Tuesday September 23, Death of the French novelist Prosper Merim e.
1143, Friday September 24, Death of Pope Innocent II.
1501, Friday September 24, Birth of the Italian physician and mathematician Geronimo Cardano.
1541, Saturday September 24, Death of the Swiss physician, alchemist, and scientist Paracelsus.
1776, Saturday September 24, The St Leger horse race was run for the first time at Doncaster.
1932, Saturday September 24, Birth of the British ballerina Svetlana Beriosova.
1975, Wednesday September 24, British mountaineers Dougal Haston and Doug Scott became the first to reach Mt Everest's summit via the south-west face.
1983, Saturday September 24, Death of the Scottish soprano Isobel Baillie.
1991, Tuesday September 24, The Shi'ite Muslim Revolutionary Justice Organization freed British hostage Jack Mann, kidnapped in May 1989.
1513, Sunday September 25, Vasco Balboa, Spanish explorer, became the first European to sight the Pacific Ocean after crossing the Darien isthmus.
1683, Tuesday September 25, Birth of the French composer Jean Philippe Rameau.
1849, Tuesday September 25, Death of the Austrian composer Johann Strauss the Elder.
1906, Tuesday September 25, Birth of the Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich.
1956, Tuesday September 25, The Transatlantic telephone service was inaugurated on the north Atlantic cable between Oban and Newfoundland.
1849, Wednesday September 26, Birth of the Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.
1898, Monday September 26, Birth of the American composer George Gershwin.
1907, Thursday September 26, New Zealand became a Dominion.
1934, Wednesday September 26, The liner Queen Mary was launched at Clydebank, Scotland, by Queen Mary.
1945, Monday September 26, Death of the Hungarian composer B la Bart k.
1990, Wednesday September 26, Death of the Italian writer Alberto Moravia.
1826, Wednesday September 27, The Stockton and Darlington Railway, the first passenger rail service, opened in Cleveland, England, with its first steam locomotive travelling at 10 mph.
1917, Thursday September 27, Death of the French painter Edgar Degas.
1921, Tuesday September 27, Death of the German composer Engelbert Humperdinck.
1530, Wednesday September 28, Death of the Italian painter Andrea del Sarto.
1573, Monday September 28, Birth of the Italian painter Caravaggio.
1803, Wednesday September 28, Birth of the French writer Prosper Merim e.
1891, Monday September 28, Death of the American novelist Herman Melville.
1895, Saturday September 28, Death of the French chemist Louis Pasteur.
1902, Sunday September 28, Death of the French novelist mile Zola.
1978, Thursday September 28, Pope John Paul I, pope for only 33 days, was found dead at Rome.
1547, Thursday September 29, Birth of the Spanish playwright and novelist Miguel de Cervantes,.
1901, Sunday September 29, Birth of the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi.
1913, Monday September 29, Death of the German engineer Rudolf Diesel.
1791, Tuesday September 30, The first performance of Mozart's Magic Flute took place in Vienna.
1908, Wednesday September 30, Birth of the Russian violinist David Oistrakh.