This page provides daily updates on past events and anniversaries during the Third week of September. The events included are those that either happened in London or had an effect, one way or another, on the lives of Londoners.
Daily updates on Events during the First week
Below are the events and anniversaries for this week both about London and Londoners and Outside London.
The archive for these pages has been arranged in a series of monthly Digests. To speed up navigation, these have been further divided into four weekly instalments. These pages are all comprehensively interlinked.
The Outside London section offers daily updates on a range of political, cultural, scientific and religious events and anniversaries in History and which had, in one way or another, an effect on London Life.
Links to the anniversaries and events in the other weeks of the month are given in the following table whilst links to the other months of the year can be found at the bottom of the page.
1613, Wednesday September 15, Sir Thomas Overbury was poisoned in the Tower by agents of Lady Frances Howard wife of Robert Carr one of the favourites of James I. The subsequent trial was one of the great scandals of its time.
1649, Saturday September 15, Birth of the anti-Catholic English preacher and conspiracy fabricator Titus Oates.
1784, Wednesday September 15, Vincenzo Lunardi made the first successful manned balloon ascent in England from the Royal Artillery Ground, City Road, London. An estimated 100,000 people, including the Prince of Wales, watched his ascent.
1859, Thursday September 15, Death of the English engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
1864, Thursday September 15, Death of the British explorer John Hanning Speke.
1890, Monday September 15, Birth of the English detective novelist Agatha Christie.
1920, Wednesday September 15, The Everyman Theatre was opened in an old drill hall at Hollybush Vale, Hampstead.
1964, Tuesday September 15, The Daily Herald became the Sun, which went on to become Britain's biggest selling newspaper.
1387, Monday September 16, Birth of Henry V.
1620, Saturday September 16, The Mayflower left Britain, having sailed from London to Plymouth.
1881, Friday September 16, The first fresh Kangaroo steaks to be served in London appeared in the eating houses. The meat had been shipped from Australia in a refrigerated container. Canned kangaroo meat had become available seven years earlier.
1893, Saturday September 16, Birth of the British film director and producer Alexander Korda.
1955, Friday September 16, Death of the British statesman and journalist Leo Amery.
1969, Tuesday September 16, Biba, considered London's trendiest store in the 'swinging 60s', opened on Kensington High Street.
1974, Monday September 16, Death of the English novelist Walter Greenwood,.
1992, Wednesday September 16, Black Wednesday: British Chancellor of Exchequer, Norman Lamont, increased the base rate from 10% to 12%, then to 15% in an attempt to defend the pound against speculative selling; sterling was withdrawn from the ERM and allowed to 'float.'
1795, Thursday September 17, The interior of Inigo Jones' St Paul, Covent Garden was gutted when a fire was left unattended by workers at their mid-day meal.
1877, Monday September 17, Death of the English photographic pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot.
1906, Monday September 17, Birth of the English choreographer Frederick Ashton,.
1929, Tuesday September 17, Birth of the English racing driver Stirling Moss.
1961, Sunday-Monday September 17-18, Police made 1,314 arrests during sit-down demonstrations by CND members in Trafalgar Square.
1985, Tuesday September 17, Death of the Welsh designer and fabric retailer Laura Ashley.
1994, Saturday September 17, Death of the Austrian philosopher of science Karl Popper.
1709, Sunday September 18, Birth of Samuel Johnson in Lichfield, Staffordshire.
1740, Thursday September 18, George Baron Anson set out on his voyage to circumnavigate the world. He returned to Spithead on June 15 1744 with one ship, less than 200 men and 500,000 of Spanish Treasure.
1783, Monday September 18, Death of the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler,.
1806, Thursday September 18, The first circus proprietor Philip Astley opened the Olympic Theatre in Wych Street (on the site of modern Aldwych). It was destroyed by fire in 1849.
1809, Monday September 18, The new Covent Garden Theatre, designed by Robert Smirke and modelled on the Temple of Minerva in Athens opened. Ticket prices were sharply increased to pay for the new building and this led to riots in the theatre..
1830, Saturday September 18, Death of the British essayist and critic William Hazlitt.
1914, Friday September 18, Birth of the British film director Jack Cardiff.
1967, Monday September 18, Death of the English nuclear physicist John Douglas Cockcroft.
1486, Tuesday September 19, Birth of Arthur, Prince of Wales, elder broyther of Henry VIII and originally married to Catherine of Aragon.
1905, Tuesday September 19, Death of the British philanthropist Thomas John Barnardo.
1911, Tuesday September 19, Birth of the English novelist William Golding.
1945, Monday September 19, William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) was sentenced to hang for treason.
1948, Sunday September 19, Birth of the English actor Jeremy Irons.
1949, Monday September 19, Birth of the English model Twiggy (Lesley Hornby).
1960, Monday September 19, The new traffic wardens issued the first 344 parking tickets in London.
1963, Wednesday September 19, Death of the British cartoonist David Low.
1988, Monday September 19, Death of the English comedy actor Roy Kinnear.
1586, Tuesday September 20, Thomas Babington, instigator of the plot to murder Elizabeth I and replace her on the throne by Mary Queen of Scots, was. With six of his fellow conspirators, dragged on hurdles from Tower Hill through the City to the fields above Holborn (possibly the site of Lincoln Inn Fields) where they were hung, drawn and quartered. The plot led to Mary's arrest and eventual execution.
1851, Saturday September 20, Birth of the British dramatist Henry Arthur Jones.
1855, Thursday September 20, The Daily Telegraph became the first one penny London morning newspaper.
1894, Thursday September 20, The first Lyons Teashop opened at 213 Piccadilly.
1933, Wednesday September 20, Death of the British socialist and feminist activist Annie Besant.
1327, Monday September 21, Edward II was cruelly and revoltingly put to death at Berkeley Castle. He was succeeded by his 14 year-old son Edward III.
1576, Monday September 21, Robert Devereux succeeded his father as Earl of Essex.
1578, Sunday September 21, The Earl of Leicester secretly married the Countess of Essex.
1599, Friday September 21, William Shakespeare'sJulius Caesar was performed at the Globe for the first time.
1802, Tuesday September 21, At Vauxhall gardens a Monsieur Garnerin ascended to a great height in a hot-air balloon from which he descended by parachute. The first parachutejump in England.
1809, Thursday September 21, George Canning and Lord Castlereagh held their celebrated duel on Putney Heath. Both missed on their first shots and Canning was injured in the thigh on the second. Both immediately resigned from the government.
1849, Friday September 21, Birth of the English author Edmund William Gosse.
1866, Friday September 21, Birth of the English writer H G Wells.
1915, Tuesday September 21, Stonehenge was sold at auction to Mr C H Chubb for 6,600. Mr Chubb presented it to the nation three years later.
53, Saturday September 15, Birth of the Roman emperor Trajan,.
1830, Wednesday September 15, The Manchester and Liverpool railway opened in England. During the ceremony, William Huskisson, MP, became the first person to be killed by a train.
1915, Wednesday September 15, Military tanks, designed by Ernest Swinton, were first used by the British Army, at Flers, in the Somme offensive.
1945, Saturday September 15, Birth of the American soprano Jessye Norman.
1972, Friday September 15, Death of the retired archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey Fisher.
1498, Sunday September 16, Death of the Spanish Inquisitor-General Tom s de Torquemada.
1736, Thursday September 16, Death of the German physicist Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, inventor of the temperature scale that bears his name.
1847, Thursday September 16, The house in which Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon became the first building in Britain to be purchased for preservation.
1977, Friday September 16, Death of the Greek-American (mezzo)soprano Maria Callas.
1621, Monday September 17, Death of the Cardinal and Saint Robert Bellarmine in Rome. He campaigned against the selling of alcohol and was rewarded by having his image cast onto the ceramic jars which were used to hold gin and other spirits. These "Bellarmine Jars" are very commonly found during excavations in London.
1771, Saturday September 17, Death of the Scottish novelist and historian Tobias George Smollett.
1900, Monday September 17, The Commonwealth of Australia, a federation of six colonies, was proclaimed.
1931, Thursday September 17, The first long-playing record was demonstrated in New York by RCA-Victor, but the venture failed because of the high price of the players.
1544, Thursday September 18, English forces occupied Boulougne where they remained until 1550.
1819, Saturday September 18, Birth of the French physicist Jean Bernard L on Foucault.
1879, Thursday September 18, The famous illuminations in Blackpool were switched on for the first time.
1939, Monday September 18, William Joyce, whose upper-class accent earned him the nickname Lord Haw-Haw, made his first Nazi propaganda broadcast from Germany to the UK.
1964, Friday September 18, Death of the Irish dramatist Sean O'Casey.
1356, Monday September 19, Led by Edward, the Black Prince, the English defeated the French at the Battle of Poitiers in the Hundred Years' War.
1783, Tuesday September 19, The Montgolfier brothers sent up the first balloon with live creatures aboard. Passengers included a sheep, a rooster, and a duck.
1876, Tuesday September 19, The American inventor Melville Bissell patented the first carpet sweeper.
1839, Thursday September 19, Birth of the English chocolate manufacturer and social reformer George Cadbury.
1995, Tuesday September 19, Death of the German-born British physicist Rudolf Peierls.
356 BCE, Wednesday September 20, Birth of Alexander the Great.
1519, Tuesday September 20, Ferdinand Magellan, with a fleet of five small ships, sailed from Seville on his expedition around the world.
1803, Tuesday September 20, The Irish nationalist Robert Emmet was executed for treason, in Dublin.
1854, Wednesday September 20, The Russian army was defeated by the Allied armies at the Battle of Alma in the Crimean War. the first six Victoria Crosses to be awarded to the British Army were won at this battle.
1863, Sunday September 20, Death of the German philologist Jakob Karl Grimm.
1957, Friday September 20, Death of the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius.
1961, Wednesday September 20, Argentinian Antonio Abertondo started the first successful non-stop swim across the Channel and back, completed in 43 hr 5 min.
1966, Tuesday September 20, The liner Queen Elizabeth II (QE2) was launched at Clydebank, Scotland.
2000, Wednesday September 20, Business a.m. launched: the first new, daily newspaper in Scotland for 100 years.
19 BCE, Tuesday September 21, Death of the Roman poet Virgil.
1452, Thursday September 21, Birth of the Italian political reformer and martyr Girolamo Savonarola.
1745, Saturday September 21, Charles Stuart, the Young Pretender, and his Jacobite army defeated the English at the Battle of Prestonpans in Scotland.
1756, Saturday September 21, Birth of the Scottish engineer John Loudon McAdam.
1832, Friday September 21, Death of the Scottish novelist Sir Walter Scott.
1860, Friday September 21, Death of the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer.